|Detection of CLEC10A/CD301 in Human Dendritic Cells by Flow Cytometry. Human immature dendritic cells were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CLEC10A/CD301 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB48881P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC0041P, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.|
CLEC10A, also known as macrophage galactose/N-acetyl-galactosamine (GalNAc) specific lectin (MGL), CD301, DC-ASGPR, and HML, is a 40 kDa type II transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the C-type lectin family (1). Human and rat carry a single gene for CLEC10A/MGL, while mouse has two closely related MGL1 and MGL2 genes. Human CLEC10A/MGL consists of a 39 amino acid (aa) cytoplasmic region, a 21 aa transmembrane segment and a 256 aa extracellular domain (ECD) with one carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) and a neck region (2). Within the CRD, human CLEC10A/MGL shares 64%-70% aa sequence identity with mouse MGL1, mouse MGL2, and rat MGL. Alternate splicing generates multiple isoforms of human CLEC10A/MGL with 27 aa, 3 aa, and/or 4 aa deletions within the ECD (3, 4). CLEC10A/MGL is expressed on immature myleloid dendritic cells and alternatively activated (tolerogenic) macrophages and is upregulated by the immunosuppressant dexamethasone (3-7). CLEC10A/MGL selectively binds and internalizes terminal nonsialylated alpha - or beta -linked GalNAc moieties on O-linked carbohydrates, including the Tn carcinoma antigen (2-4, 8, 9). Similar ligand preference is exhibited by mouse MGL2 but not MGL1 (10). CLEC10A/MGL expressed on tolerogenic dendritic cells binds carbohydrate determinants on CD45 (RA, RB, and RC but not RO isoforms) expressed by T, NK, and B cells (6). This interaction inhibits effector T cell activation and induces their apoptosis (6). CLEC10A/MGL also binds the GP envelope glycoprotein on Marburg and Ebola viruses and enhances viral entry and infectivity (11).
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
The document you requested is not available online. Please enter the Catalog Number and Lot Number below to have a document emailed to you at the address provided