|Cell Proliferation Induced by CNTF and Neutralization by Human CNTF Antibody. Recombinant Human CNTF (Catalog # 257-NT) stimulates proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human CNTF (400 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse Anti-Human CNTF Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB257). The ND50 is typically 2-6 µg/mL.|
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is a polypeptide initially purified from chick embryo ocular tissue and identified as a trophic factor for embryonic chick ciliary parasympathetic neurons in culture. Subsequent studies have demonstrated that CNTF is a survival factor for additional neuronal cell types including: dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons, sympathetic ganglion neurons, embryonic motor neurons, major pelvic ganglion neurons and hippocampal neurons. CNTF has also been shown to prevent the degeneration of motor axons after axotomy. The cDNA for human CNTF encodes a 200 amino acid polypeptide that lacks a signal sequence. CNTF is highly conserved across species and exhibits cross-species activities. Human and rat CNTF share approximately 83% homology in their protein sequence. CNTF is structurally related to IL-6, IL-11, LIF and OSM. All of these four helix bundle cytokines share gp130 as a signal-transducing subunit in their receptor complexes.
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