Chemotaxis Induced by CXCL8/IL‑8 and Neutralization by Human CXCL8/IL‑8 Antibody. |
Recombinant Human CXCL8/IL‑8 (Catalog # 208-IL) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CXCR2 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Human CXCL8/IL‑8 (20 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human CXCL8/IL‑8 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-208-NA). The ND50 is typically 5-20 µg/mL.
CXCL8 was originally discovered and purified independently by a number of laboratories as a neutrophil chemotactic and activating factor. It was also referred to as neutrophil chemotactic factor (NCF), neutrophil activating protein (NAP), monocyte-derived neutrophil chemotactic factor (MDNCF), T-lymphocyte chemotactic factor (TCF), granulocyte chemotactic protein (GCP) and leukocyte adhesion inhibitor (LAI). Many cell types, including monocyte/macrophages, T cells, neutrophils, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, keratinocytes, hepatocytes, chondrocytes, and various tumor cell lines, can produce CXCL8 in response to a wide variety of pro-inflammatory stimuli such as exposure to IL-1, TNF, LPS, and viruses. CXCL8 is a member of the alpha (CXC) subfamily of chemokines, which also includes platelet factor 4, GRO, IP-10, etc.
CXCL8 is a potent chemoattractant for neutrophils. In addition, CXCL8 also has a wide range of other pro-inflammatory effects. CXCL8 causes degranulation of neutrophil specific granules and azurophilic granules. CXCL8 induces expression of the cell adhesion molecules CD11/CD18 and enhances the adherence of neutrophils to endothelial cells and sub-endothelial matrix proteins. Besides neutrophils, CXCL8 is also chemotactic for basophils, T cells and eosinophils. CXCL8 has been reported to be a co-mitogen for keratinocytes and was also shown to be an autocrine growth factor for melanoma cells. CXCL8 was also reported to be angiogenic both in vivo and in vitro.
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