|Detection of EGF R/ErbB1 in A431 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Rat Anti-Human EGF R/ErbB1 Alexa Fluor® 488‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB10951G, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC006G, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.|
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGF R), also named erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1 (ErbB1), is a member of the type I receptor tyrosine kinase superfamily. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF R) subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases comprises four members: EGF R (also known as HER1, ErbB1or ErbB), ErbB2 (Neu, HER2), ErbB3 (HER3), and ErbB4 (HER4). All family members are type I transmembrane glycoproteins that have an extracellular domain with two ligand binding cysteine rich domains, separated by a spacer region, and a cytoplasmic domain with a membrane proximal tyrosine kinase domain and a C-terminal tail with multiple tyrosine autophosphorylation sites. The human EGF R geneencodes a 1210 amino acid (aa) residue precursor with a 24 aa putative signal peptide, a 621 aa extracellular domain, a 23 aa transmembrane domain, and a 542 aa cytoplasmic domain. EGF R has been shown to bind a subset of the EGF family ligands, including EGF, amphiregulin, TGF alpha, betacellulin, epiregulin, heparin-binding EGF and neuregulin-2 alpha , in the absence of a coreceptor. Ligand binding induces EGF R homodimerization as well as heterodimerization with ErbB2, resulting in kinase activation, tyrosine phosphorylation and cell signaling. EGF R can also be recruited to form heterodimers with ligand-activated ErbB3 or ErbB4. EGF R signaling has been shown to regulate multiple biological functions including cell proliferation, differentiation, motility and apoptosis. In addition, EGF R signaling has also been shown to play a role in carcinogenesis (1 ‑ 3).