Detects human GFR alpha ‑1/GDNF R alpha ‑1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 10% cross‑reactivity with recombinant rat GFR alpha ‑1 is observed and less than 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) GFR alpha -2, rhGFR alpha -3, and rhGFR alpha -4 is observed.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human GFR alpha ‑1/GDNF R alpha ‑1 Met1-Lys429 Accession # NP_665736
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
GFR alpha ‑1/GDNF R alpha ‑1 in Human Spinal Cord.
GFR alpha ‑1/GDNF R alpha ‑1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human spinal cord using Goat Anti-Human GFR alpha ‑1/GDNF R alpha ‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF714) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to ventral horn motoneurons. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: GFR alpha-1/GDNF R alpha-1
Glial cell line-derived growth factor (GDNF), neurturin (NTN), artemin and persephin are distant members of the TGF-beta superfamily. They function as neurotrophic factors for a variety of neuronal populations in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The bioactivities of GDNF and NTN are mediated through a receptor complex composed of the non ligand-binding signaling subunit (c-Ret receptor tyrosine kinase) and either of two ligand binding subunits [GDNF receptor alpha -1 (GFR alpha -1) or GFR alpha -2]. GFR alpha -1 and -2 are members of a family of at least four cysteine-rich glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked cell surface proteins that share conserved placements of many of their cysteine residues. Binding of GDNF to membrane-associated GFR alpha -1 or GFR alpha -2 initiates the association with and activation of the Ret tyrosine kinase. Soluble GFR alpha s released enzymatically from the cell surface-associated protein with phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, as well as recombinantly produced soluble GFR alpha -1, can also bind with high-affinity to GDNF and trigger the activation of Ret tyrosine kinase.
Human GFR alpha -1 cDNA encodes a 465 amino acid (aa) residue protein with an N-terminal 24 aa residue hydrophobic signal peptide. Like other GPI-linked proteins, human GFR alpha -1 has a C-terminal hydrophobic region which is preceded by a three aa residue (ASS) GPI-binding site. Human GFR alpha -1 shares 93% aa identity with rat GFR alpha -1. The expression of the various GFR alpha s are differentially regulated in the central and peripheral nervous system, suggesting complementary roles for the GFR alpha s in mediating the activities of the GDNF family of neurotrophic factors.
Thompson, J. et al. (1998) Mol. Cell Neurosci. 11:117.
Trupp, M. et al. (1998) Mol. Cell Neurosci. 11:47.
Baloh, R.H. et al. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:5801.
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