|Detection of MDGA2 in Rat Cortical Stem Cells by Flow Cytometry. Rat cortical stem cells were stained with Mouse Anti-Human MDGA2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB5184, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB004, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.|
MDGA2 (MAM domain-containing glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor protein 2; also named MAMDC1) is a 130 kDa member of the Ig superfamily of proteins (1). Human MDGA2 is synthesized as a 956 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 25 aa signal sequence, a 906 aa mature chain, and a 25 aa propeptide. The mature chain consists of six Ig-like domains, followed by a MAM domain (aa 746‑921) and a GPI anchor. In addition, there are eight potential sites for N-linked glycosylation. Mature human MDGA2 shares 98% aa sequence identity with mature mouse and rat MDGA2. MDGA2 is structurally similar to other IgCAMS, such as the L1 family and axonin 1, which have roles in cell adhesion, migration, and process outgrowth (2). Northern blot analysis shows MDGA2 expression is limited to the central and peripheral nervous system (1). Within the brain, moderate expression is observed in the cerebral cortex, the hindbrain, the basilar pons, the neocortex, the hippocampus, the amygdala, olfactory bulb, and selected nuclei of the thalamus (1). The similarity of MDGA2 to other Ig-containing molecules, and its temporal‑spatial patterns of expression within restricted neuronal populations, suggest a role for MDGA2 in regulating neuronal migration, as well as other aspects of neural development, including axon guidance (1). One study shows that MDGA2 gene is implicated in neuroticism (3).
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