Human Neuropilin-1 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB3870U-100UG
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Human Neuropilin-1 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Neuropilin-1 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2a Clone # 446921
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Neuropilin‑1
Phe22-Lys644
Accession # NP_001019799
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 350

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: Neuropilin-1

Neuropilin-1 (Npn-1, previously neuropilin; also CD304) is a 130‑140 kDa type I transmembrane (TM) glycoprotein that regulates axon guidance and angiogenesis (1‑4). The full-length 923 amino acid (aa) human Npn‑1 contains a 623 aa extracellular domain (ECD) that shows 92‑95% aa identity with mouse, rat, bovine and canine
Npn‑1 (3, 4). The ECD contains two N-terminal CUB domains (termed a1a2), two domains with homology to coagulation factors V and VIII (b1b2) and a MAM (meprin) domain (c). C-terminally divergent splice variants with 704, 644, 609, and 551 aa lack the MAM and TM domains and are demonstrated or presumed to be soluble antagonists (1, 5‑7). A 906 aa form lacks a TM segment, but secretion has not been found (8). The sema domains of Class III secreted semaphorins such as Sema3A bind Npn-1 a1a2 (9). Heparin, the heparin-binding forms of VEGF (VEGF165, VEGF-B and VEGF-E), PlGF (PlGF2), and the C-terminus of Sema3 bind the b1b2 region (9, 10). Npn-1 and Npn-2 share 48% aa identity within the ECD and can form homo- and hetero-oligomers via interaction of their MAM domains (1). Neuropilins show partially overlapping expression in neuronal and endothelial cells during development (1, 2). Both neuropilins act as co‑receptors with plexins, mainly plexin A3 and A4, to bind class III semaphorins that mediate axon repulsion (11). However, only Npn-1 binds Sema3A, and only Npn-2 binds Sema3F (1). Both are co-receptors with VEGF R2 (also called KDR or Flk-1) for VEGF165 binding (1). Sema3A signaling can be blocked by VEGF165, which has higher affinity for Npn-1 (12). Npn-1 is preferentially expressed in arteries during development or those undergoing remodeling (1, 2). Npn-1 is also expressed on dendritic cells and mediates DC-induced T cell proliferation (13).

References
  1. Bielenberg, D.R. et al. (2006) Exp. Cell Res. 312:584. 
  2. Gu, C. et al. (2003) Dev. Cell 5:45. 
  3. He, Z. and M. Tessier-Lavigne (1997) Cell 90:739.
  4. Soker, S. et al. (1998) Cell 92:735. 
  5. Gagnon, M.L. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:2573. 
  6. Cackowski, F.C. et al. (2004) Genomics 84:82. 
  7. Rossignol, M. et al. (2000) Genomics 70:211.
  8. Tao, Q. et al. (2003) Angiogenesis 6:39.
  9. Gu, C. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:18069.
  10. Mamluk, R. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:24818.
  11. Yaron, A. et al. (2005) Neuron 45:513.
  12. Narazaki, M. and G. Tosato (2006) Blood 107:3892.
  13. Tordjman, R. et al. (2002) Nat. Immunol. 3477.
Entrez Gene IDs
8829 (Human); 18186 (Mouse); 246331 (Rat)
Alternate Names
BDCA4; BDCA-4; CD304 antigen; CD304; DKFZp686A03134; DKFZp781F1414; neuropilin 1; Neuropilin1; Neuropilin-1; NRP1; NRPNP1; transmembrane receptor; Vascular endothelial cell growth factor 165 receptor; VEGF165RCD304

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