Detection of CD14 in Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse CD14 APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB982A) and Rat Anti-Mouse F4/80/EMR1 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB5580P). Quadrant markers were set based on control antibody staining (Catalog # IC006A). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
CD14 is a 55 kDa cell surface glycoprotein that is preferentially expressed on monocytes/macrophages. The mouse CD14 cDNA encodes a 366 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a 15 aa signal peptide and a C-terminal hydrophobic region characteristic for glycosylphosphatidyinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins. Mouse CD14 has five potential N-linked glycosylation sites and also bears O-linked carbohydrates. The amino acid sequence of mouse CD14 is approximately 65% and 82% identical to the human and rat proteins, respectively. CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor that binds lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and a variety of ligands derived from different microbial sources. The binding of CD14 with LPS is catalyzed by LPS-binding protein (LBP). The toll-like-receptors have also been implicated in the transduction of CD14-LPS signals. Similar to other GPI-anchored proteins, soluble CD14 can be released from the cell surface by phosphatidyinositol-specific phospholipase C. Soluble CD14 has been detected in serum and body fluids. High concentrations of soluble CD14 have been shown to inhibit LPS-mediated responses. However, soluble CD14 can also potentiate LPS response in cells that do not express cell surface CD14.
Wright, S.D. et al. (1990) Science 249:1431.
Pugin, J. et al. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:2744.
Beutler, B. (2000) Current Opinion in Immunology 12:20.
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