|Detection of VEGF R1/Flt‑1 in bEnd.3 Mouse Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. bEnd.3 mouse endothelioma cell line was stained with Rat Anti-Mouse VEGF R1/Flt‑1 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB4711P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC013P, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.|
VEGF R1 is one of the five receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) (VEGF R1, KDR/Flk-1, Flt-4, Tie-1, and Tek/Tie-2) whose expression is almost exclusively restricted to the endothelial cells. Tie-1 and tek/tie-2 define a new class of RTKs containing two immunoglobulin-like domains, three EGF homology domains and three fibronectin type III domains in their extracellular regions. VEGF R1/Flt-1, VEGF R2/KDR/Flk-1, VEGF R3/Flt-4 are members of the class III subfamily of RTKs containing seven immunoglobulin-like repeats in their extracellular domains. All five RTKs are likely to play central roles in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis.
Full length mouse VEGF R1 mRNA encodes a 1333 amino acid (aa) residue precursor with a predicted 22 aa residue signal peptide. Mature VEGF R1 is composed of a 737 aa residue extracellular domain, a 22 aa residue transmembrane domain and a 552 aa residue cytoplasmic domain. As a result of alternative splicing of the mRNA, a cDNA encoding a truncated form of VEGF R1, lacking the seventh immunoglobulin-like domain, the transmembrane and intracellular domains, has been cloned. The recombinant soluble VEGF R1/Fc chimera binds VEGF and PlGF with high affinity and is a potent VEGF antagonist.
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