Porcine GM-CSF Antibody

(2 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Porcine
  • Specificity
    Detects porcine GM-CSF in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots (reducing conditions), approximately 20% cross‑reactivity with recombinant rat GM-CSF is observed and less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human GM-CSF and recombinant mouse GM-CSF is observed.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 111802
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from ascites
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant porcine GM-CSF
    Ala18-Lys144
    Accession # Q29118
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Porcine GM-CSF (Catalog # 711-PG)
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize GM‑CSF-induced proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line. Kitamura, T. et al. (1989) J. Cell Physiol. 140:323. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 1-4 µg/mL in the presence of 40 ng/mL Recombinant Porcine GM‑CSF.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Cell Proliferation Induced by GM‑CSF and Neutralization by Porcine GM‑CSF Antibody. Recombinant Porcine GM‑CSF (Catalog # 711-PG) stimulates proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Porcine GM‑CSF (40 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concen­trations of Mouse Anti-Porcine GM‑CSF Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB711). The ND50 is typically 1-4 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: GM-CSF

GM-CSF was initially characterized as a factor that can support the in vitro colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. It is also a growth factor for erythroid, megakaryocyte, and eosinophil progenitors. GM-CSF is produced by a number of different cell types (including T cells, B cells, macrophages, mast cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and adipocytes) in response to cytokine or inflammatory stimuli. On mature hematopoietic cells, GM-CSF is a survival factor for and activates the effector functions of granulocytes, monocytes/macrophages, and eosinophils (1, 2). GM-CSF promotes a Th1 biased immune response, angiogenesis, allergic inflammation, and the development of autoimmunity (3‑5). It shows clinical effectiveness in ameliorating chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, and GM-CSF transfected tumor cells are utilized as cancer vaccines (6, 7). The 22 kDa glycosylated GM-CSF, similar to IL-3 and IL-5, is a cytokine with a core of four bundled alpha ‑helices (8‑10). Mature porcine GM-CSF shares 61%‑72% amino acid sequence identity with canine, feline, human, and rat GM-CSF and 53% with mouse GM-CSF. GM-CSF exerts its biological effects through a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of GM-CSF R alpha /CD116 and the signal transducing common beta chain (CD131) which is also a component of the high-affinity receptors for IL-3 and IL-5 (11, 12). In addition, GM-CSF binds a naturally occurring soluble form of GM-CSF R alpha (13). The activity of GM-CSF is species specific between human and mouse (14).

  • References:
    1. Martinez-Moczygemba, M. and D.P. Huston (2003) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 112:653.
    2. Barreda, D.R. et al. (2004) Dev. Comp. Immunol. 28:509. 
    3. Eksioglu, E.A. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1163. 
    4. Cao, Y. (2007) J. Clin. Invest. 117:2362. 
    5. Fleetwood, A.J. et al. (2005) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 25:405. 
    6. Heuser, M. et al. (2007) Semin. Hematol. 44:148. 
    7. Hege, K.M. et al. (2006) Int. Rev. Immunol. 25:321.
    8. Kaushansky, K. et al. (1992) Biochemistry 31:1881.
    9. Diederichs, K. et al. (1991) Science 254:1779.
    10. Inumaro, S. and H. Takamatsu (1995) Immunol. Cell Biol. 73:474.
    11. Onetto-Pothier, N. et al. (1990) Blood 75:59.
    12. Hayashida, K. et al. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 87:9655.
    13. Pelley, J.L. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1483.
    14. Shanafelt, A.B. et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266:13804.
  • Long Name:
    Granulocyte Macrophage Growth Factor
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    1437 (Human); 12981 (Mouse); 116630 (Rat); 397208 (Porcine); 403923 (Canine); 493805 (Feline)
  • Alternate Names:
    colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage); Colony-stimulating factor; CSF; CSF2; GMCSF; GM-CSF; GMCSFgranulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor; MGC131935; MGC138897; molgramostin; sargramostim
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Porcine Dendritic Cells as an In Vitro Model to Assess the Immunological Behaviour of Streptococcus suis Subunit Vaccine Formulations and the Polarizing Effect of Adjuvants
    Authors: L Martelet, S Lacouture, G Goyette-De, G Beauchamp, C Surprenant, M Gottschalk, M Segura
    Pathogens, 2017;6(1):.
    Species: Porcine
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  2. Comparative measurement of cell-mediated immune responses of swine to the M and N proteins of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.
    Authors: Jeong HJ, Song YJ, Lee SW
    Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 2010;17(4):503-12.
    Species: Porcine
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
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Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

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Secondary Antibodies
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Mouse IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

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Mouse IgG Antibody

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Mouse/Rabbit IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC002  
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Mouse IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC001  
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Goat Anti-Mouse IgG Fc Affinity Purified Polyclonal Ab

G-202-C 2
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

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