MALDI-TOF analysis of GMP-grade Recombinant Human FGF-basic (Catalog # 3718-GMP). The peaks at 16312 and 16409 correspond to the measured molecular weight of the intact protein. The calculated mass is 16311 Da for Ala144-Ser288 and 16408 Da for Pro143-Ser288.
Background: FGF basic
FGF basic (also known as FGF-2 and HBGF-2) is an 18-34 kDa, heparin-binding member of the FGF superfamily of molecules (1-3). Superfamily members are characterized by the presence of a centrally placed beta -trefoil structure. FGF acidic (FGF-1) and FGF basic (FGF-2) were the first two identified FGFs, and the designations acidic and basic refer to their relative isoelectric points. Human FGF basic is 288 amino acids (aa) in length. There are multiple start sites, four of which utilize atypical CUG codons, and one that initiates at an AUG start site (4 - 6). The four CUG start sites generate high molecular weight (HMW) FGF basic. There is a 34 kDa, 288 aa form, a 24 kDa, 210 aa form, a 22.5 kDa, 201 aa form, and a 22 kDa, 196 aa form. All are retained intracellularly, undergo extensive methylation, and possess one or more nuclear localization signals (NLS) (7-9). The AUG initiating form is 18 kDa and 155 aa in length. There is no signal sequence (ss). It is, however, secreted directly through the plasma membrane via a mechanism that appears to be dependent upon tertiary structure (10). In place of a ss, there is purportedly a 9 aa N-terminal prosegment that precedes a 146 aa mature segment (11). Early isolations of 18 kDa bovine FGF basic yielded 146 aa molecules, an effect attributed to the presence of acid proteases (12). The molecule contains a heparin-binding site (aa residues 128-144), and undergoes phosphorylation at Ser117 (13). There is also an ill-defined C-terminal NLS that may be more “functional” (or 3-dimensional) than structural (7). Human 146 aa FGF basic is 97% aa identical to mouse FGF basic (14).
Sorenson, V. et al. (2006) BioEssays 28:504.
Kardami, E. et al. (2004) Cardiovasc. Res. 63:458.
Nugent, M.A. and R.V. Lozzo (2000) Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 32:115.
Abraham, J.A. et al. (1986) EMBO J. 5:2523.
Prats, H. et al. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:1836.
Arnaud, E. et al. (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19:505.
Foletti, A. et al. (2003) Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 60:2254.
Arese, M. et al. (1999) Mol. Biol. Cell 10:1429.
Pintucci, G. et al. (1996) Mol. Biol. Cell 7:1249.
Nickel, W. (2005) Traffic 6:607.
SwissProt # P09038.
Klagsbrun, M. et al. (1987) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84:1839.
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N-terminal amino acid analysis, SDS-PAGE analysis, and endotoxin level (as determined by LAL assay) performed on each bulk QC lot, not on individual bottlings of each QC lot
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Host Cell Protein testing performed by ELISA
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