Carbohydrate Sulfotransferase 3/CHST3: ProductsThe mouse CHST family is comprised of 13 enzymes. All members of this family are Golgi-localized type II membrane proteins. Only the luminal and enzymatic domain is expressed in each of our recombinant CHST proteins. These enzymes transfer sulfate (i.e., sulfonate) onto the 6-O or 4-O positions of GalNAc, Gal and GlcNAc residues on glycoproteins, proteoglycans and glycolipids. This sulfation often creates specific epitopes that can be recognized by extracellular matrix proteins, cell surface receptors and viruses. CHST3, also known as chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase, transfers sulfate to position 6 of GalNAc residues on chondroitin sulfate. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Loss of CHST3 function in human results in severe chondrodysplasia. CHST3 can also sulfate Gal residues of keratan sulfate and Gal residues in sialyl N-acetyllactosamine (sialyl LacNAc) oligosaccharides. Mouse CHST3 shares 85% amino acid sequence identity to the human ortholog.