TIM-3 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3), also known as HAVCR2 is an immunosuppressive protein that enhances tolerance and inhibits anti-tumor immunity. It is upregulated on several populations of activated myeloid cells (macrophage, monocyte, dendritic cell, microglia, mast cell) and T cells (Th1, CD8+, NK, Treg). TIM-3 ligation by Galectin-9 attenuates CD8+ and Th1 cell responses and promotes the activity of Treg and myeloid derived suppressor cells. Dendritic cell-expressed TIM-3 dampens inflammation by enabling the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and the cross-presentation of apoptotic cell antigens. TIM-3 also binds the alarmin HMGB1, thereby preventing the activation of TLRs in response to released tumor cell DNA.
PRODUCT AVAILABILITY: Update Regarding the Evolving COVID-19 Situation
Bio-Techne appreciates the critical role that you and our products and services play in research efforts to further scientific innovation and discovery. We are continually assessing our manufacturing and supplier capabilities during the COVID-19 situation and are implementing precautionary measures to ensure uninterrupted supply of products and services. Currently, and as we abide by local shelter in place orders across the world, we are fully operational and do not anticipate any material supply disruptions across our Bio-Techne brands and product lines. As the situation evolves, our goal is to utilize preventive measures to reduce the threat that COVID-19 poses to our ability to meet the needs of our customers globally.