One of the most abundant free amino acids in the brain. A partial agonist at the inhibitory glycine receptor.
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Carnosine and taurine protect rat cerebellar granular cells from free radical damage.
Boldyrev et al.
Saturable disposition of taurine in the rat cerebrospinal fluid.
Chung et al.
Potentiation of mitochondrial Ca2+ sequestration by taurine.
Palmi et al.
Pharmacology of the inhibitory glycine receptor: agonist and antagonist actions of amino acids and piperidine carboxylic acid compounds.
Schmieden and Betz