Recombinant Mouse BTNL10/Butyrophilin-like 10 Fc Protein, CF Summary
Accession # Q9JK39
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 200 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||
Recombinant Mouse BTNL10 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1444-BT) inhibits IL-2 secretion by mouse T cells in the presence of anti-CD3 antibody. The ED50for this effect is 0.5-2.5 μg/mL.
2 μg/lane of Recombinant Mouse BTNL10 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 58 - 63 kDa and 120 - 130 kDa, respectively.
Butyrophilin-like 10 (BTNL10) is a member of the BTN/MOG Ig-superfamily and functions as a negative regulator of immune cell activation (1). Mouse BTNL10 is a 275 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane glycoprotein that contains a signal peptide followed by an extracellular domain (ECD), a transmembrane region, and a short cytoplasmic domain. The ECD of mouse BTNL10 features a single IgV and a poorly defined IgC domain. The IgV domain of mouse BTNL10 shares 53% and 52% sequence identity with the equivalent domain in human and rat BTNL10, respectively. Although recently identified, BTNL10 is one of only five butyrophilins conserved between human and mouse (2). While the complete immunological function of BTN/BTNL molecules is only beginning to emerge, they have been shown to be important in immunity by regulating T cell function (2-4). Recent efforts have focused on BTN/BTNL as potential therapeutic targets for a wide range of diseases (2-4). Currently, both the expression pattern and native function of BTNL10 remain unknown. Our data indicate that BTNL10 inhibits the human T cell activation, including IL-2, IFN-gamma secretion, and T cell proliferation.
- Arnett, H.A. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:1523.
- Arnett, H.A. et al. (2012) Immunogenetics. 64:781.
- Abeler-Dörner L. et al. (2012) Trends Immunol. 33(1):34.
- Arnett, H.A. and Viney J.L. (2014) Nat Rev Immunol. 14(8):559.
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