Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey Fc gamma RIIB Protein, CF Summary
Ala46-Pro217, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 200 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
When Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey Fc gamma RIIB/CD32b (Catalog # 9246-CD) is immobilized on a His Tag Antibody coated plate, Biotinylated Human IgG binds with an ED50of 0.3-1.5 μg/mL.
Background: Fc gamma RIIB/CD32b
Receptors for the Fc region of IgG (Fc gamma Rs) are members of the Ig superfamily that function in the activation or inhibition of immune responses such as degranulation, phagocytosis, ADCC (antibody-dependent cellular toxicity), cytokine release, and B cell proliferation (1). The Fc gamma Rs have been divided into three classes based on close relationships in their extracellular domains; these groups are designated Fc gamma RI/CD64, Fc gamma RII/CD32, and Fc gamma RIII/CD16. CD32 proteins are encoded by three genes in human (Fc gamma RII A, B, and C), two in cynomolgus (Fc gamma RII A and B), and one in mouse (Fc gamma RIIB). Fc gamma RII A and C contain activating cytoplasmic ITAM sequences, while Fc gamma RIIB contains an inhibitory cytoplasmic ITIM sequence. The CD64 proteins are high affinity receptors (~10-8-10-9 M) capable of binding monomeric IgG, whereas the CD16 and CD32 proteins bind IgG with lower affinities (~10-6-10-7 M) and only recognize IgG aggregates surrounding multivalent antigens (1). The approximately 40 kDa mature cynomolgus Fc gamma RIIB consists of a 175 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two Ig-like domains, a 23 aa transmembrane segment, and a 51 aa cytoplasmic domain. Within the ECD, cynomolgus Fc gamma RIIB shares 90%, 64%, and 61% aa sequence identity with human, mouse, and rat Fc gamma RIIB, respectively. It binds to both cynomolgus and human IgG subclasses 1-4 (2). Fc gamma RIIB is expressed on B cells, monocytes, dendritic cells, neutrophils, mast cells, and basophils (1). Ligation of Fc gamma RIIB triggers signaling that suppresses B cell expansion, plasma cell differentiation, production of autoimmune rheumatoid factors, and down-regulation of TLR4 with reduced LPS responsiveness (3-6).
- Nimmerjahn, F. and J.V. Ravetch (2008) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 8:34.
- Warncke, M. et al. (2012) J. Immunol. 188:4405.
- Takai, T. et al. (1996) Nature 379:346.
- Karnell, J.L. et al. (2014) J. Immunol. 192:1480.
- Moll, T. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 173:4724.
- Zhang, Y. et al. (2009) J. Immunol. 182:554.
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