Recombinant Human Ubiquitin Agarose Protein, CF
Recombinant Human Ubiquitin Agarose Protein, CF Summary
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Supplied as a solution in 20% Ethanol.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Do not freeze.
Ubiquitin is a 76 amino acid (aa) protein that is ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic organisms. Ubiquitin is highly conserved with 96% aa sequence identity shared between human and yeast Ubiquitin, and 100% aa sequence identity shared between human and mouse Ubiquitin (1). In mammals, four Ubiquitin genes encode for two Ubiquitin-ribosomal fusion proteins and two poly-Ubiquitin proteins. Cleavage of the Ubiquitin precursors by deubiquitinating enzymes gives rise to identical Ubiquitin monomers each with a predicted molecular weight of 8.6 kDa. Conjugation of Ubiquitin to target proteins involves the formation of an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal glycine residue of Ubiquitin and a lysine residue in the target protein. This process of conjugation, referred to as ubiquitination or ubiquitylation, is a multi-step process that requires three enzymes: a Ubiquitin-activating (E1) enzyme, a Ubiquitin-conjugating (E2) enzyme, and a Ubiquitin ligase (E3). Ubiquitination is classically recognized as a mechanism to target proteins for degradation and as a result, Ubiquitin was originally named ATP-dependent Proteolysis Factor 1 (APF-1) (2,3). In addition to protein degradation, ubiquitination has been shown to mediate a variety of biological processes such as signal transduction, endocytosis, and post-endocytic sorting (4-7).
Ubiquitin is covalently coupled to agarose beads via primary amines allowing for a fully functional C-terminus. Useful for affinity binding of Ubiquitin-activating (E1) enzyme, Ubiquitin-conjugating (E2) enzymes, Ubiquitin ligases (E3s), Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolases (UCHs), and other proteins/enzymes that have an affinity for Ubiquitin.
- Sharp, P.M. & W.-H. Li. (1987) Trends Ecol. Evol. 2:328.
- Ciechanover, A. et al. (1980 ) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:1365.
- Hershko, A. et al. (1980) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:1783.
- Greene, W. et al. (2012) PLoS Pathog. 8:e1002703.
- Tong, X. et al. (2012) J. Biol. Chem. 287:25280.
- Wei, W. et al. (2004) Nature 428:194.
- Wertz, I.E. et al. (2004) Nature 430:694.
Citations for Recombinant Human Ubiquitin Agarose Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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Reactive-site-centric chemoproteomics identifies a distinct class of deubiquitinase enzymes
Authors: DS Hewings, J Heideker, TP Ma, AP AhYoung, F El Oualid, A Amore, GT Costakes, D Kirchhofer, B Brasher, T Pillow, N Popovych, T Maurer, C Schwerdtfe, WF Forrest, K Yu, J Flygare, M Bogyo, IE Wertz
Nat Commun, 2018;9(1):1162.
Sample Types: Protein
ZUFSP Deubiquitylates K63-Linked Polyubiquitin Chains to Promote Genome Stability
Authors: P Haahr, N Borgermann, X Guo, D Typas, D Achuthanku, S Hoffmann, R Shearer, TK Sixma, N Mailand
Mol. Cell, 2018;0(0):.
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
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