Recombinant Human IL-8/CXCL8 (Mucin Stalk Chimera) Protein

Formulations:
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
968-IL-025
Product Details
Citations (1)
FAQs
Reviews

Recombinant Human IL-8/CXCL8 (Mucin Stalk Chimera) Protein Summary

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Level
<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to chemoattract BaF3 mouse pro‑B cells transfected with human CXCR2. The ED50 for this effect is 5‑25 ng/mL.
Source
Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human IL-8/CXCL8 protein
Human IL-8
(Ala23-Ser99) (Asn98Gly) &
(Ser28-Ser99) (Asn98Gly)
Accession # P10145
Human Fractalkine Mucin-like Stalk
(Phe103-Gln341)
Accession # P78423
KQN 6-His tag
N-terminus C-terminus
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Ala23 & Ser28
Predicted Molecular Mass
34.8 kDa
SDS-PAGE
80-95 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

968-IL

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 25 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

968-IL/CF

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: IL-8/CXCL8

Interleukin-8 (IL-8), also known as CXCL8, GCP-1, and NAP-1, is a widely expressed proinflammatory member of the CXC family of chemokines. Near its N-terminus, this 8-9 kDa chemokine contains an ELR motif which is important for its angiogenic properties (1). CXCL8 can associate into a homodimer or a heterodimer with CXCL4/PF4 (2), and it can also interact with matrix and cell surface glycosaminoglycans (3). Mature human CXCL8 shares 65%-69% amino acid (aa) sequence identiity with canine, feline, and porcine CXCL8 (4). There is no CXCL8 gene counterpart in rodent. N-terminal truncation by multiple proteases generates a range of shorter forms, and an alternative splice form of human CXCL8 carries an eleven aa substitution at the C-terminus (5). The bioactivity of CXCL8 is regulated by these truncations, by CXCL8 citrullination at Arg5 (N-terminal to the ELR motif) (6), and by the decoy receptor DARC (7). CXCL8 effects are mediated through CXCR1/IL-8 RA, which is also used by CXCL6, and through CXCR2/IL-8 RB, which is used by multiple CXC chemokines (1). CXCR1 and CXCR2 associate into functional homodimers and heterodimers with each other (8). Through both CXCR1 and CXCR2, CXCL8 promotes neutrophil adhesion to the vascular endothelium and migration to sites of inflammation (9). It triggers the antimicrobial activation of neutrophils through CXCR1 (10). CXCL8 also binds to Serpin A1/alpha-1 Antitrypsin, and this prevents CXCL8 interaction with CXCR1 (11). CXCL8 is upregulated in atherosclerotic lesions and other cardiac pathologies where it exacerbates inflammatory tissue damage (12). In addition, it induces VEGF expression, vascular endothelial cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and tumor cell invasiveness (13-16). In the CXCL8/IL-8 Mucin-like Stalk Chimera, the chemokine domain of human CX3CL1/Fractalkine is replaced by human CXCL8.

References
  1. Lazennec, G. and A. Richmond (2010) Trends Mol. Med. 16:133.
  2. Nesmelova, I.V. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:4948.
  3. Pichert, A. et al. (2012) Biomatter 2:142.
  4. Schmid, J. and C. Weissmann (1987) J. Immunol. 139:250.
  5. Mortier, A. et al. (2008) Pharmacol. Ther. 120:197.
  6. Proost, P. et al. (2008) J. Exp. Med. 205:2085.
  7. Neote, K. et al. (1994) Blood 84:44.
  8. Munoz, L.M. et al. (2009) J. Immunol. 183:7337.
  9. Gerszten, R.E. et al. (1999) Nature 398:718.
  10. Jones, S.A. et al. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:6682.
  11. Bergin, D.A. et al. (2010) J. Clin. Invest. 120:4236.
  12. Apostolakis, S. et al. (2009) Cardiovasc. Res. 84:353.
  13. Martin, D. et al. (2009) J. Biol. Chem. 284:6038.
  14. Li, A. et al. (2005) Angiogenesis 8:63.
  15. Waugh, D.J. and C. Wilson (2008) Clin. Cancer Res. 14:6735.
  16. Fernando, R.I. et al. (2011) Cancer Res. 71:5296.
Long Name
Interleukin 8
Entrez Gene IDs
3576 (Human); 396880 (Porcine); 403850 (Canine); 493836 (Feline)
Alternate Names
3-10C; AMCF-I; C-X-C motif chemokine 8; CXCL8; CXCL8SCYB8; Emoctakin; GCP1; GCP-1TSG-1; IL8; IL-8; interleukin 8; K60; LAI; LECT; LUCT; LYNAP; MDNCF; MDNCFb-ENAP; member 8; MONAP; MONAPGCP1; NAF; NAP1; NAP-1NAP1; NCF; Neutrophil-activating protein 1; Protein 3-10C; T cell chemotactic factor; T-cell chemotactic factor; TCF; TSG1

Citation for Recombinant Human IL-8/CXCL8 (Mucin Stalk Chimera) Protein

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Receptor-ligand binding in the cell-substrate contact zone: a quantitative analysis using CX3CR1 and CXCR1 chemokine receptors.
    Authors: Lee FH, Haskell C, Charo IF, Boettiger D
    Biochemistry, 2004;43(22):7179-86.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Binding Assay

FAQs

  1. Are mouse or rat CXCL8/IL-8 products offered?

    • Mouse and rat do not have a gene which encodes CXCL8/IL-8. In mouse, the functional homologs to human CXCL8/IL-8 are CXCL1/KC and CXCL2/MIP-2. In rat, the functional homolog to CXCL8/human IL-8 is CXCL3/CINC-2.

View all Proteins and Enzyme FAQs

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