Recombinant Mouse IL-10 Protein, CF

Formulations:
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
417-ML-005/CF
417-ML-025/CF
417-ML-100/CF
417-ML-250/CF
417-ML-01M/CF
Recombinant Mouse IL-10 Protein, CF Data
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Product Details
Citations (50)
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Recombinant Mouse IL-10 Protein, CF Summary

Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using MC/9‑2 mouse mast cells. Thompson-Snipes, L. et al. (1991) J. Exp. Med. 173:507. The ED50 for this effect is 0.1‑0.6 ng/mL.
Source
E. coli-derived mouse IL-10 protein
Ser19-Ser178
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Ser19
Structure / Form
Noncovalently-linked homodimer
Predicted Molecular Mass
18 kDa
SDS-PAGE
17 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

417-ML/CF

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *1 mg pack size (01M) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

417-ML

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein. *1 mg pack size (01M) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Data Images

Bioactivity View Larger

Recombinant Mouse IL-10 (Catalog # 417-ML/CF) stimulates cell proliferation of the MC/9‑2 mouse mast cell line. The ED50for this effect is 0.1-0.6 ng/mL.

SDS-PAGE View Larger

1 μg/lane of Recombinant Mouse IL-10 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 17 kDa.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: IL-10

Interleukin 10, also known as cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is the charter member of the IL-10 family of alpha -helical cytokines that also includes IL‑19, IL‑20, IL-22, and IL-24 (1, 2). IL-10 is secreted by many activated hematopoietic cell types as well as hepatic stellate cells, keratinocytes, and placental cytotrophoblasts (2-5). Mature mouse IL-10 shares 85% amino acid sequence identity with rat and 70%-77% with bovine, canine, equine, feline, human, ovine, and porcine IL-10. Whereas human IL-10 is active on mouse cells, mouse IL-10 does not act on human cells (6, 7). IL-10 is a 178 amino acid molecule that contains two intrachain disulfide bridges and is expressed as a 36 kDa noncovalently associated homodimer (8-10). The IL-10 dimer binds to two IL-10 R alpha /IL-10 R1 chains, resulting in recruitment of two IL-10 R beta /IL-10 R2 chains and activation of a signaling cascade involving JAK1, TYK2, and STAT3 (11). IL-10 R beta does not bind IL-10 by itself but is required for signal transduction (1). IL-10 R beta also associates with IL‑20 R alpha, IL-22 R alpha, or IL-28 R alpha to form the receptor complexes for IL-22, IL-26, IL-28, and IL‑29 (12-14). IL-10 is a critical molecule in the control of viral infections and allergic and autoimmune inflammation (15-17). It promotes phagocytic uptake and Th2 responses but suppresses antigen presentation and Th1 proinflammatory responses (2).

References
  1. Pestka, S. et al. (2004) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:929.
  2. O’Garra, A. and P. Vieira (2007) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 7:425.
  3. Mathurin, P. et al. (2002) Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 282:G981.
  4. Grewe, M. et al. (1995) J. Invest. Dermatol. 104:3.
  5. Szony, B.J. et al. (1999) Mol. Hum. Reprod. 5:1059.
  6. Vieira, P. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 88:1172.
  7. Hsu, D.-H. et al. (1990) Science 250:830.
  8. Moore, K. et al. (1990) Science 248:1230.
  9. Windsor, W.T. et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32:8807.
  10. Syto, R. et al. (1998) Biochemistry 37:16943.
  11. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (1997) EMBO J. 16:5894.
  12. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2725.
  13. Hor, S. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:33343.
  14. Sheppard, P. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:63.
  15. Fitzgerald, D.C. et al. (2007) Nat. Immunol. 8:1372.
  16. Wu, K. et al. (2007) Cell. Mol. Immunol. 4:269.
  17. Blackburn, S.D. and E.J. Wherry (2007) Trends Microbiol. 15:143.
Long Name
Interleukin 10
Entrez Gene IDs
3586 (Human); 16153 (Mouse); 25325 (Rat); 397106 (Porcine); 403628 (Canine); 493683 (Feline); 100135553 (Guinea Pig); 2949786 (Viral)
Alternate Names
CSIF; CSIFMGC126450; Cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor; GVHDS; IL10; IL-10; IL10A; IL-10MGC126451; interleukin 10; interleukin-10; TGIF

Citations for Recombinant Mouse IL-10 Protein, CF

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

50 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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  1. Oral therapy with colonization factor antigen I prevents development of type 1 diabetes in Non-obese Diabetic mice
    Authors: AS Nelson, M Maddaloni, JR Abbott, C Hoffman, A Akgul, C Ohland, RZ Gharaibeh, C Jobin, TM Brusko, DW Pascual
    Sci Rep, 2020;10(1):6156.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Standard
  2. Lysophosphatidic acid up-regulates IL-10 production to inhibit TNF-α synthesis in M?s stimulated with LPS
    Authors: A Ciesielska, A Hromada-Ju, E Ziemli?ska, K Kwiatkowsk
    J. Leukoc. Biol., 2019;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  3. Limitation of TCA Cycle Intermediates Represents an Oxygen-Independent Nutritional Antibacterial Effector Mechanism of Macrophages
    Authors: I Hayek, F Fischer, J Schulze-Lu, K Dettmer, K Sobotta, V Schatz, L Kohl, K Boden, R Lang, PJ Oefner, S Wirtz, J Jantsch, A Lührmann
    Cell Rep, 2019;26(13):3502-3510.e6.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  4. Resolution of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Persistence of Leishmania major in the Absence of Arginase 1
    Authors: K Paduch, A Debus, B Rai, U Schleicher, C Bogdan
    J. Immunol., 2019;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  5. Impact of aging on transition of acute kidney injury to chronic kidney disease
    Authors: MG Kim, J Yang, YS Ko, HY Lee, SW Oh, WY Cho, SK Jo
    Sci Rep, 2019;9(1):18445.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  6. Lipocalin-2 (Lcn-2) Attenuates Polymicrobial Sepsis with LPS Preconditioning (LPS Tolerance) in FcGRIIb Deficient Lupus Mice
    Authors: T Ondee, J Gillen, P Visitchana, P Somparn, J Issara-Amp, C Dang Phi, W Chancharoe, D Gurusamy, A Nita-Lazar, A Leelahavan
    Cells, 2019;8(9):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  7. Reprograming Immunity to Food Allergens
    Authors: AL St John, GWX Ang, APS Rathore, SN Abraham
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2018;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  8. A Novel Role for C5a in B-1 Cell Homeostasis
    Authors: K Bröker, J Figge, AF Magnusen, RA Manz, J Köhl, CM Karsten
    Front Immunol, 2018;9(0):258.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  9. Differential Phagocytic Properties of CD45lowMicroglia and CD45highBrain Mononuclear Phagocytes-Activation and Age-Related Effects
    Authors: S Rangaraju, SA Raza, NX Li, R Betarbet, EB Dammer, D Duong, JJ Lah, NT Seyfried, AI Levey
    Front Immunol, 2018;9(0):405.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  10. Murine ?-Herpesvirus 68 Induces Severe Lung Inflammation in IL-27-Deficient Mice with Liver Dysfunction Preventable by Oral Neomycin
    Authors: K Kanai, AM Park, A Watanabe, T Arikawa, T Yasui, H Yoshida, I Tsunoda, O Yoshie
    J. Immunol., 2018;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  11. Activation of the Regulatory T-Cell/Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase Axis Reduces Vascular Inflammation and Atherosclerosis in Hyperlipidemic Mice.
    Authors: Maria J Forteza, Konstantinos A Polyzos, Roland Baumgartn, Bianca E Suur, Marion Mussbache, Daniel K Johansson, Andreas Hermansso, Göran K Hansson, Daniel F J Ketelhuth
    Frontiers in Immunology, 2018;0(0):1664-3224.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  12. Alternative activation-skewed microglia/macrophages promote hematoma resolution in experimental intracerebral hemorrhage
    Authors: CF Chang, J Wan, Q Li, SC Renfroe, NM Heller, J Wang
    Neurobiol. Dis., 2017;103(0):54-69.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  13. PEDF mediates pathological neovascularization by regulating macrophage recruitment and polarization in the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy
    Authors: S Gao, C Li, Y Zhu, Y Wang, A Sui, Y Zhong, B Xie, X Shen
    Sci Rep, 2017;7(0):42846.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  14. Interleukin 4 receptor-targeted pro-apoptotic peptide blocks tumor growth and metastasis by enhancing anti-tumor immunity
    Authors: SMP Vadevoo, JE Kim, GR Gunassekar, HK Jung, L Chi, DE Kim, SH Lee, SH Im, B Lee
    Mol. Cancer Ther., 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  15. Proof-of-Concept Gene Editing for the Murine Model of Inducible Arginase-1 Deficiency
    Authors: YY Sin, PR Price, LL Ballantyne, CD Funk
    Sci Rep, 2017;7(1):2585.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  16. IL-10 down-regulates the expression of survival associated gene hspX of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in murine macrophage
    Authors: B Jee, P Sharma, K Katoch, B Joshi, SK Awasthi
    Braz J Infect Dis, 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  17. Therapeutic reversal of food allergen sensitivity by mature retinoic acid-differentiated dendritic cell induction of LAG3(+)CD49b(-)Foxp3(-) regulatory T�cells
    Authors: W Dawicki, C Li, J Town, X Zhang, JR Gordon
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2017;139(5):1608-1620.e3.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  18. Young microglia restore amyloid plaque clearance of aged microglia
    Authors: Anna Daria
    EMBO J, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Complex Sample Type
    Applications: Bioassay
  19. Novel mechanism of macrophage-mediated metastasis revealed in a zebrafish model of tumor development.
    Authors: Wang J, Cao Z, Zhang X, Nakamura M, Sun M, Hartman J, Harris R, Sun Y, Cao Y
    Cancer Res, 2015;75(2):306-15.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  20. Adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase regulates IL-10-mediated anti-inflammatory signaling pathways in macrophages.
    Authors: Zhu Y, Brown J, Sag D, Zhang L, Suttles J
    J Immunol, 2015;194(2):584-94.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  21. GM-CSF treated F4/80+ BMCs improve murine hind limb ischemia similar to M-CSF differentiated macrophages.
    Authors: Kuwahara G, Nishinakamura H, Kojima D, Tashiro T, Kodama S
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(9):e106987.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  22. Wound administration of M2-polarized macrophages does not improve murine cutaneous healing responses.
    Authors: Jetten, Nadine, Roumans, Nadia, Gijbels, Marion J, Romano, Andrea, Post, Mark J, de Winther, Menno P, van der Hulst, Rene R W, Xanthoulea, Sofia
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(7):e102994.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  23. TGF-beta signaling initiated in dendritic cells instructs suppressive effects on Th17 differentiation at the site of neuroinflammation.
    Authors: Speck S, Lim J, Shelake S, Matka M, Stoddard J, Farr A, Kuchroo V, Laouar Y
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(7):e102390.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  24. miR-20b suppresses Th17 differentiation and the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by targeting RORgammat and STAT3.
    Authors: Zhu E, Wang X, Zheng B, Wang Q, Hao J, Chen S, Zhao Q, Zhao L, Wu Z, Yin Z
    J Immunol, 2014;192(12):5599-609.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  25. TLR9 ligands induce S100A8 in macrophages via a STAT3-dependent pathway which requires IL-10 and PGE2.
    Authors: Hsu, Kenneth, Chung, Yuen Min, Endoh, Yasumi, Geczy, Carolyn
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(8):e103629.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  26. Axl receptor blockade ameliorates pulmonary pathology resulting from primary viral infection and viral exacerbation of asthma.
    Authors: Shibata T, Habiel D, Coelho A, Kunkel S, Lukacs N, Hogaboam C
    J Immunol, 2014;192(8):3569-81.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Tissue Homogenates
    Applications: Luminex (Standard)
  27. Thioredoxin-interacting protein gene expression via MondoA is rapidly and transiently suppressed during inflammatory responses.
    Authors: Kanari Y, Sato Y, Aoyama S, Muta T
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(3):e59026.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  28. IL-4/IL-13-dependent and independent expression of miR-124 and its contribution to M2 phenotype of monocytic cells in normal conditions and during allergic inflammation.
    Authors: Veremeyko, Tatyana, Siddiqui, Shafiudd, Sotnikov, Ilya, Yung, Amanda, Ponomarev, Eugene D
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e81774.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  29. Regulation of innate CD8+ T-cell activation mediated by cytokines.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2012;109(25):9971-6.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  30. WNT5A Signaling Contributes to Abeta-Induced Neuroinflammation and Neurotoxicity.
    Authors: Li B, Zhong L, Yang X, Andersson T, Huang M, Tang SJ
    PLoS ONE, 2011;6(8):e22920.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  31. Interleukin-1 family cytokines as mucosal vaccine adjuvants for induction of protective immunity against influenza virus.
    Authors: Kayamuro H, Yoshioka Y, Abe Y, Arita S, Katayama K, Nomura T, Yoshikawa T, Kubota-Koketsu R, Ikuta K, Okamoto S, Mori Y, Kunisawa J, Kiyono H, Itoh N, Nagano K, Kamada H, Tsutsumi Y, Tsunoda S
    J. Virol., 2010;84(24):12703-12.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  32. Essential role for IL-27 receptor signaling in prevention of Th1-mediated immunopathology during malaria infection.
    Authors: Findlay EG, Greig R, Stumhofer JS
    J. Immunol., 2010;185(4):2482-92.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  33. ST2 deficient mice display a normal host defense against pulmonary infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    Authors: Wieland CW, van der Windt GJ, Florquin S, McKenzie AN, van der Poll T
    Microbes Infect., 2009;11(4):524-30.
  34. Role of interleukin 10 in murine postoperative ileus.
    Authors: Stoffels B, Schmidt J, Nakao A, Nazir A, Chanthaphavong RS, Bauer AJ
    Gut, 2009;58(5):648-60.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  35. The water channel aquaporin 1 is a novel molecular target of polychlorinated biphenyls for in utero anomalies.
    Authors: Tewari N, Kalkunte S, Murray DW, Sharma S
    J. Biol. Chem., 2009;284(22):15224-32.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  36. Tolerogenic signals delivered by dendritic cells to T cells through a galectin-1-driven immunoregulatory circuit involving interleukin 27 and interleukin 10.
    Authors: Ilarregui JM, Croci DO, Bianco GA, Toscano MA, Salatino M, Vermeulen ME, Geffner JR, Rabinovich GA
    Nat. Immunol., 2009;10(9):981-91.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  37. Adverse functions of IL-17A in experimental sepsis.
    Authors: Flierl MA, Rittirsch D, Gao H, Hoesel LM, Nadeau BA, Day DE, Zetoune FS, Sarma JV, Huber-Lang MS, Ferrara JL, Ward PA
    FASEB J., 2008;22(7):2198-205.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  38. CD14 contributes to pulmonary inflammation and mortality during murine tuberculosis.
    Authors: Wieland CW, van der Windt GJ, Wiersinga WJ, Florquin S, van der Poll T
    Immunology, 2008;125(2):272-9.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Types: N/A
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  39. IL-2 is essential for TGF-beta to convert naive CD4+CD25- cells to CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells and for expansion of these cells.
    Authors: Zheng SG, Wang J, Wang P, Gray JD, Horwitz DA
    J. Immunol., 2007;178(4):2018-27.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  40. Dendritic cells loaded with apoptotic antibody-coated tumor cells provide protective immunity against B-cell lymphoma in vivo.
    Authors: Franki SN, Steward KK, Betting DJ, Kafi K, Yamada RE, Timmerman JM
    Blood, 2007;111(3):1504-11.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  41. Lack of in vitro and in vivo recognition of Francisella tularensis subspecies lipopolysaccharide by Toll-like receptors.
    Authors: Hajjar AM, Harvey MD, Shaffer SA, Goodlett DR, Sjostedt A, Edebro H, Forsman M, Bystrom M, Pelletier M, Wilson CB, Miller SI, Skerrett SJ, Ernst RK
    Infect. Immun., 2006;74(12):6730-8.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Types: N/A
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  42. In vivo IL-10 gene delivery attenuates bleomycin induced pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting the production and activation of TGF-beta in the lung.
    Authors: Nakagome K, Dohi M, Okunishi K, Tanaka R, Miyazaki J, Yamamoto K
    Thorax, 2006;61(10):886-94.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  43. Circulating cytokine/inhibitor profiles reshape the understanding of the SIRS/CARS continuum in sepsis and predict mortality.
    Authors: Osuchowski MF, Welch K, Siddiqui J, Remick DG
    J. Immunol., 2006;177(3):1967-74.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Types: N/A
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  44. Severe sepsis exacerbates cell-mediated immunity in the lung due to an altered dendritic cell cytokine profile.
    Authors: Wen H, Hogaboam CM, Gauldie J, Kunkel SL
    Am. J. Pathol., 2006;168(6):1940-50.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Types: N/A
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  45. Sequential ELISA to profile multiple cytokines from small volumes.
    Authors: Osuchowski MF, Siddiqui J, Copeland S, Remick DG
    J. Immunol. Methods, 2005;302(1):172-81.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Types: N/A
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  46. IFN-alpha priming results in a gain of proinflammatory function by IL-10: implications for systemic lupus erythematosus pathogenesis.
    Authors: Sharif MN, Tassiulas I, Hu Y, Mecklenbrauker I, Tarakhovsky A, Ivashkiv LB
    J. Immunol., 2004;172(10):6476-81.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  47. IL-22 increases the innate immunity of tissues.
    Authors: Wolk K, Kunz S, Witte E, Friedrich M, Asadullah K, Sabat R
    Immunity, 2004;21(2):241-54.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In Vivo
  48. Selective macrophage suppression during sepsis.
    Authors: Ellaban E, Bolgos G, Remick D
    Cell. Immunol., 2004;231(1):103-11.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Types: N/A
    Applications: ELISA (Standard)
  49. Conversion of peripheral CD4+CD25- naive T cells to CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells by TGF-beta induction of transcription factor Foxp3.
    Authors: Chen, WanJun, Jin, Wenwen, Hardegen, Neil, Lei, Ke-Jian, Li, Li, Marinos, Nancy, McGrady, George, Wahl, Sharon M
    J Exp Med, 2003;198(12):1875-86.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  50. Human macrophages induce CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells via binding and re-release of TGF-beta.
    Authors: Schmidt A, Zhang X, Joshi R, Iqbal S, Wahlund C, Gabrielsson S, Harris R, Tegner J
    Immunol Cell Biol, 0;94(8):747-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay

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