Catalog Number: 2624
Alternate Names: 2'-Deoxy-5-azacytidine, 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine, NSC 127716
Chemical Name: 4-Amino-1-(2-deoxy-β-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-1,3,5-triazin-2(1H)-one
Biological Activity
Cytosine analog that once incorporated into DNA acts as a suicide substrate for DNA methyltransferase. Inhibits DNA methyltransferase and results in DNA hypomethylation and activation of silent genes. Chemotherapeutic agent; suppresses growth of human tumor cell lines. Demethylates differentiation-related genes; reverses embryonic stem cell differentiation.
Technical Data
  • M.Wt:
    228.21
  • Formula:
    C8H12N4O4
  • Solubility:
    Soluble to 50 mM in water and to 50 mM in DMSO
  • Purity:
    >99%
  • Storage:
    Store at +4°C
  • CAS No:
    2353-33-5
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis. All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Background References
  1. Inhibition of DNA methylation by 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine supresses the growth of human tumour cell lines.
    Bender et al.
    Cancer Res., 1998;58:95
  2. Pharmacology of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine).
    Momparler
    Semin.Hematol., 2005;42:S9
  3. Mutagenicity of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine is mediated by the mammalian DNA methyltransferase.
    Jackson-Grusby et al.
    Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA, 1997;94:4681
Citations:

The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Decitabine include:

4 Citations: Showing 1 - 4
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  1. Evaluation of azacitidine and entinostat as sensitization agents to cytotoxic chemotherapy in preclinical models of non-small cell lung cancer.
    Authors: Vendetti Et al.
    Genes Dev 2015;6:56
  2. Runx1 regulation of Pu.1 corepressor/coactivator exchange identifies specific molecular targets for leukemia differentiation therapy.
    Authors: Gu Et al.
    J Biol Chem 2014;289:14881
  3. Down-regulation of HtrA1 activates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and ATM DNA damage response pathways.
    Authors: Wang Et al.
    PLoS One 2012;7:e39446
  4. Haploinsufficiency of Dnmt1 impairs leukemia stem cell function through derepression of bivalent chromatin domains.
    Authors: Trowbridge Et al.
    BMC Cancer 2012;26:344

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