Human Activin RIB/ALK-4 Alexa Fluor® 405-conjugated Antibody

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FAB2221V-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Human Activin RIB/ALK-4 Alexa Fluor® 405-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Activin RIB/ALK‑4 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human Activin RIA, RIIA, or RIIB is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2b Clone # 544310
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Activin RIB/ALK‑4
Ser24-Glu126
Accession # P36896
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 405 (Excitation= 405 nm, Emission= 421 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
PC‑3 human prostate cancer cell line

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: Activin RIB/ALK-4

Activin RIB, also known as ALK4, is a glycosylated 58 kDa type I receptor in the superfamily of TGF-beta serine/threonine kinase receptors. Activin RIB associates with Activin RIIB to form a receptor complex for activin and inhibin molecules (1). These ligands bind to Activin RIIB which then associates with and phosphorylates the cytoplasmic domain of Activin RIB to initiate signal transduction (2, 3). Mature human Activin RIB consists of a 103 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD), a 23 aa transmembrane segment, and a 356 aa cytoplasmic region that includes the kinase domain (4). Within the ECD, human Activin RIB shares 93% and 95% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Activin RIB, respectively. It shares 25-35% aa sequence identity with other human type I receptors Activin RIA, Activin RIC, BMPR-IA, BMPR-IB, and TGF-beta R1. Alternately spliced isoforms of Activin RIB have deletions in the cytoplasmic domain and function as dominant negative inhibitors of activin signaling (5, 6). Activin receptor signaling is modulated by the direct interaction of Activin RIB with cripto or inhibin binding protein (7-9). Activin RIB is excluded from the signaling complex if Activin RIIB first binds inhibin and betaglycan (10). Activin RIB functions in a wide variety of growth and differentiation processes, including embryonic cell fate and axis determination, cell proliferation and apoptosis, and tumorigenesis (1, 11, 12).

References
  1. Chen, Y- G. et al. (2006) Exp. Biol. Med. 231:534. 
  2. Attisano, L. et al. (1996) Mol. Cell. Biol. 16:1066. 
  3. Tsuchida, K. et al. (1995) Endocrinology 136:5493. 
  4. ten Dijke, P. et al. (1993) Oncogene 8:2879. 
  5. Xu, J. et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:7957. 
  6. Zhou, Y. et al. (2000) Mol. Endocrinol. 14:2066. 
  7. Chapman, S.C. and T.K. Woodruff (2001) Mol. Endocrinol. 15:668.
  8. Bianco, C. et al. (2002) Mol. Cell. Biol. 22:2586.
  9. Gray, P.C. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:5193.
  10. Lewis, K.A. et al. (2000) Nature 404:411.
  11. Gu, Z. et al. (1998) Genes Dev. 12:844.
  12. Chen, Y. et al. (2004) Dev. Biol. 268:280.
 
Long Name
Activin Receptor IB
Entrez Gene IDs
91 (Human); 11479 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
activin A receptor, type IB; Activin receptor type IB; Activin receptor-like kinase 4; Activin RIB; ActivinRIB; ACTRIB; ACVR1B; ACVRLK4ACTR-IB; ALK4; ALK-4; ALK4activin A receptor, type II-like kinase 4; EC 2.7.11; EC 2.7.11.30; Serine/threonine-protein kinase receptor R2; SKR2activin receptor type-1B

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