Catalog Number: 1201
Alternate Names: PMA
Chemical Name: (1aR,1bS,4aR,7aS,7bS,8R,9R,9aS)-9a- (Acetyloxy)-1a,1b,4,4a,5,7a,7b,8,9,9a-decahydro-4a,7b-dihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-1,1,6,8-tetramethyl-5-oxo-1H-cyclopropa[3,4]benz[1,2-e]azulen-9-yl tetradecanoate
Biological Activity
Extensively used phorbol ester activator of protein kinase C; tumor promoter. Binds to PKC with a Ki value of 2.6 nM as measured by displacement of [3H]phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate binding in rat cortex synaptosomal membranes.
Technical Data
  • M.Wt:
  • Formula:
  • Solubility:
    Soluble to 100 mM in DMSO
  • Purity:
  • Storage:
    Desiccate at -20°C
  • CAS No:
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis. All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Background References

  1. Kishimoto T et al.
    Leucocyte Typing VI. Garland Publishing Inc. London.
  2. Direct activation of calcium-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase by tumor-promoting phorbol esters.
    Castagna et al.
    J.Biol.Chem., 1982;257:7847
  3. A diacylglycerol analogue reduces neuronal calcium currents independently of protein kinase C activation.
    Hockberger et al.
    Nature, 1989;338:340
  4. Structural determinants of phorbol ester binding in synaptosomes: pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
    Murphy et al.
    Eur.J.Pharmacol., 1999;381:77

The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate include:

Showing Results 1 - 10 of 17

  1. New functional activity of aripiprazole revealed: Robust antagonism of D2 dopamine receptor-stimulated Gβγ signaling.
    Authors: Brust Et al.
    J Vis Exp
  2. Comparative Multi-Donor Study of IFNγ Secretion and Expression by Human PBMCs Using ELISPOT Side-by-Side with ELISA and Flow Cytometry Assays.
    Authors: Hagen Et al.
  3. The ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter-2 (ABCA2) Overexpression Modulates Sphingosine Levels and Transcription of the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) Gene.
    Authors: Davis
    Biochem Pharmacol
  4. Autism-associated mutation inhibits protein kinase C-mediated neuroligin-4X enhancement of excitatory synapses.
    Authors: Bemben Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
  5. Mitogen-activated protein kinase-interacting kinase regulates mTOR/AKT signaling and controls the serine/arginine-rich protein kinase-responsive type 1 internal ribosome entry site-mediated translation and viral oncolysis.
    Authors: Brown Et al.
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther
  6. Transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor through platelet-activating factor/receptor in ovarian cancer cells.
    Authors: Yu Et al.
    J Exp Clin Cancer Res
  7. The role of Nox1 and Nox2 in GPVI-dependent platelet activation and thrombus formation.
    Authors: Walsh Et al.
    Redox Biol
  8. The analysis of purkinje cell dendritic morphology in organotypic slice cultures.
    Authors: Kapfhammer and Gugger
    J Biol Chem
  9. Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1-dependent regulation of liver-related neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus diminished in the type 1 diabetic mouse.
    Authors: Gao Et al.
    J Virol
  10. Small molecule positive allosteric modulation of TRPV1 activation by vanilloids and acidic pH.
    Authors: Kaszás Et al.
    J Neurosci
  11. The acid-sensitive, anesthetic-activated potassium leak channel, KCNK3, is regulated by 14-3-3β-dependent, protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated endocytic trafficking.
    Authors: Gabriel Et al.
    J Biol Chem
  12. Functional plasticity of central TRPV1 receptors in brainstem dorsal vagal complex circuits of streptozotocin-treated hyperglycemic mice.
    Authors: Zsombok Et al.
    Curr Alzheimer Res
  13. The plasma membrane-associated GTPase Rin interacts with the dopamine transporter and is required for protein kinase C-regulated dopamine transporter trafficking.
    Authors: Navaroli Et al.
    J Neurosci
  14. Regulation of glycine receptor diffusion properties and gephyrin interactions by protein kinase C.
    Authors: Specht Et al.
    EMBO J
  15. Involvement of the chemokine-like receptor GPR33 in innate immunity.
    Authors: Bohnekamp Et al.
    Br J Pharmacol
  16. Inhibition of ATR protein kinase activity by schisandrin B in DNA damage response.
    Authors: Nishida Et al.
    Nucleic Acids Res
  17. Regulation of SHP-1 tyrosine phosphatase in human platelets by serine phosphorylation at its C terminus.
    Authors: Jones Et al.
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun
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