Porcine IL-12/IL-35 p35 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

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IC1171N-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Porcine IL-12/IL-35 p35 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Porcine
Specificity
Detects the heterodimeric form of porcine IL‑12 (p35/p40) in direct ELISAs. Western blotting data indicates recognition of the IL-12/IL-35 p35 subunit. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, 20‑100% cross-reactivity with the disulfide‑linked heterodomeric forms of recombinant mouse IL‑12 and recombinant human IL-12 is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 116219
Immunogen
Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO-derived recombinant porcine IL‑12 p35/p40 heterodimer
p40 Ile23-Asn324, p35 Arg26-Ser222
Accession # Q28938, Q29053
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 700 (Excitation= 675-700 nm, Emission= 723 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
Porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated with LPS, then fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: IL-12/IL-35 p35

Interleukin 12, also known as natural killer cell stimulatory factor (NKSF) or cytotoxic lymphocyte maturation factor (CLMF), is a heterodimeric pleiotropic cytokine made up of a 40 kDa (p40) subunit and a 35 kDa (p35) subunit. IL-12 is produced by macrophages and B lymphocytes and has been shown to have multiple effects on T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Some of these IL-12 activities include the induction of IFN-gamma and TNF in resting and activated T and NK cells, the enhancement of cytotoxic activity of resting NK and T cells, the stimulation of resting T cell proliferation in the presence of a comitogen, and the enhancement of NK cell proliferation. Current evidence indicates that IL-12 is a key mediator of cellular-immunity and induces the differentiation of Th1 cells from precursor T helper cells. Based on its activities, it has been suggested that IL-12 may have therapeutic potential as a vaccine adjuvant that promotes cellular-immunity and as an anti-tumor and anti-viral agent.

Porcine IL-12 subunits p35 and p40 share about 85% homology to the human subunits, but differ by containing a 3 aa addition in the p35 subunit and a 4 aa deletion in the p40 subunit. Porcine IL-12 induces proliferation of human lymphoblasts and IFN-gamma secretion by human and porcine lymph nodes. Porcine IL-12 has been detected in lymphoid tissues including inguinal and mesenteric lymph nodes, Peyer's patches, spleen and thymus.

References
  1. Foss, D. et al. (1997) Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 57:121.
Long Name
Interleukin 12 p35
Entrez Gene IDs
3592 (Human); 16159 (Mouse); 84405 (Rat)
Alternate Names
CLMF;IL12A;IL-12A;IL-12p35;Ll12a;NFSK;NKSF1;P35; IL-12/IL-35 p35; IL-12A; IL35p35

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Product Specific Notices


This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.

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