ProDots Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat Activin A Protein
ProDots Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat Activin A Protein Summary
Pre-aliquoted, lyophilized protein dots for use in cell culture mediumFeatures and Benefits
- Rolls out of bottle for easy cell culture medium preparation
- Eliminates time spent aliquoting
- One protein dot can be used to make 500 mL of 10 ng/mL cell culture medium
ProDots® proteins are R&D Systems industry-leading quality, highly bioactive proteins packaged into easy-to-use lyophilized “dots”. Designed to be stable at 4 ºC and to dissolve instantly, ProDots® proteins can be rolled into cell culture media to quickly produce media with a desired working protein concentration.
ProDots® proteins are designed to reduce cell culture media preparation time while ensuring optimal protein recovery and bioactivity. Unlike standard lyophilized protein, which is shipped as a diffuse residue within a vial, ProDots® proteins are neatly bundled into the shape of a ball. In this form ProDots® proteins can be rolled directly into cell culture media. ProDots® proteins rehydrate instantly in media to maximize the recovery of purchased protein and to reliably reconstitute it at a desired concentration for use in cell culture media. ProDots® proteins can be conveniently stored at room temperature where they will remain stable for 6 months or at 4 ºC where they will remain stable for 12 months. The accessible storage and high stability of ProDots® proteins makes them ideal for quick and easy preparation of cell culture media.
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Reconstitution||For a stock solution, reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in 4 mM HCl, or simply roll ProDot® directly into cell culture medium for immediate use.
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
• 6 months from date of receipt at room temperature as supplied.
• 12 months from date of receipt at 2-8 °C as supplied.
• 1 month at 2-8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
• 3 months at -20 to -80 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
ProDots®Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat Activin A induces hemoglobin expression in K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells. The ED50 is 0.2-1.2 ng/mL.
1µg/lane of ProDots®Recombinant Human/Mouse/Rat Activin A was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized with silver staining, showing single bands at 14 kDa and 24 kDa, respectively.
Background: Activin A
Activins, members of the TGF-beta superfamily, are disulfide-linked dimeric proteins originally purified from gonadal fluids as proteins that stimulated pituitary follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) release. Activin proteins have a wide range of biological activities, including mesoderm induction, neural cell differentiation, bone remodeling, hematopoiesis and roles in reproductive physiology. Activin isoforms and other members of the TGF-beta superfamily exert their biological effects by binding to heteromeric complexes of a type I and a type II serine-threonine kinase receptor, both of which are essential for signal transduction.
Activins are homodimers or heterodimers of the various beta subunit isoforms, while inhibins are heterodimers of a unique alpha subunit and one of the various beta subunits. Five beta subunits (mammalian beta A, beta B, beta C, beta E and Xenopus beta D) have been cloned to date. The activin/inhibin nomenclature reflects the subunit composition of the proteins: Activin A (beta A - beta A), Activin B (beta B - beta B), Activin AB (beta A - beta B), Inhibin A (alpha - beta A) and Inhibin B (alpha - beta B).
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Very easy to use. A go to product.