Recombinant Human BMP-10 Propeptide Protein, CF Summary
|Human BMP-10 Propeptide
(Ser20 - Arg313) & (Pro23 - Arg313)
Accession # O95393
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 250 μg/mL in sterile PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
BMP-10, along with BMP-9, GDF-5, -6, and -7, belongs to a subgroup of sequence related TGF-beta superfamily proteins that signal through heterodimeric complexes composed of type I and type II BMP receptors (1 - 3). Proteolytic removal of the propeptide from the 60 kDa proprotein yields a 12 kDa mature BMP-10 which forms disulfide-linked non-glycosylated homodimers (4, 5). In transfectants, BMP-10 is secreted as a cleaved mature dimer, an uncleaved proform dimer, and an uncleaved proform monomer (4). The propeptide of human BMP-10 shares 82% amino acid sequence identity with mouse and rat proBMP-10 and 19% - 34% with the propeptides of human BMP-9, GDF-5, -6, and -7. BMP-10 is critical for the proper development of the heart and first appears at the onset of trabeculation and chamber formation (6 - 8). Homozygous BMP-10 knockout mice die in utero due to arrested cardiac development (7). BMP-10 is required for maintaining expression of the cardiogenic transcription factors NKX2.5 and MEF2C in developing myocardium and promoting the growth of embryonic cardiomyocytes (7, 9, 10). The BMP-10 mediated proliferation of these cells requires Notch signaling (11). NKX2.5 itself negatively regulates BMP-10 expression in cardiac myocytes (10). Multiple human congenital heart defects result from mutations in NKX2.5 and require BMP-10 expression (10). In mice, genetic knockout of ErbB leads to a similar phenotype but appears not to involve BMP-10, and knockout of the calcium channel subunit FKBP12 induces BMP-10 overexpression (7). BMP-10 in the postnatal heart promotes increased cardiomyocyte and heart size (8). BMP-10 has been shown to induce signaling through ALK-1, BMPR-IA, BMPR-IB, and BMPR-II in transfectants and non-cardiac cell lines (4, 5). A functional BMP-10 receptor in the heart has not yet been identified, although deletion of BMPR-IA or BMP-10 causes similar cardiac morphogenetic abnormalities (12).
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- Miyazono, K. et al. (2005) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 16:251.
- Schneider, M.D. et al. (2003) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 14:1.
- Mazerbourg, S. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:32122.
- David, L. et al. (2007) Blood 109:1953.
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- Chen, H. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:27481.
- Srivastava, D. and E.N. Olson (2000) Nature 407:221.
- Pashmforoush, M. et al. (2004) Cell 117:373.
- Grego-Bessa, J. et al. (2007) Dev. Cell 12:415.
- Gaussin, V. et al. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 99:2878.
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