Recombinant Human LRRTM3 Protein, CF

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
4898-LR-050
R&D Systems Recombinant Proteins and Enzymes
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Recombinant Human LRRTM3 Protein, CF Summary

Product Specifications

Purity
>90%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Endotoxin Level
<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to enhance neurite outgrowth of E16-E18 rat embryonic cortical neurons. Able to significantly enhance neurite outgrowth when immobilized as a 3 µL droplet containing 60-250 ng on a nitrocellulose-coated microplate.
Source
Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human LRRTM3 protein
Glu31-Lys419 with a C-terminal 6-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Glu31
Predicted Molecular Mass
45.2 kDa
SDS-PAGE
50-60 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

4898-LR

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
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Background: LRRTM3

Human LRRTM3 (leucine-rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 3) is a 63 kDa (predicted) type I transmembrane protein, and one of four members of the LRRTM family of proteins within the leucine-rich repeat (LRR) superfamily (1). There are two isoforms of LRRTM3. Isoform 1 is synthesized as a precursor with a 30 amino acid (aa) signal sequence, a 389 aa extracellular region, a 21 aa transmembrane region, and a 141 aa cytoplasmic region. In isoform 2, aa 513 is changed from isoleucine to valine, and aa 514 to 581 are missing, producing a cytoplasmic region of only 74 aa. The extracellular region of both isoforms contains one N-linked glycosylation site, a leucine-rich repeat N-terminal domain bordered by four conserved cysteines, and 10 LRRs flanked by cysteine-rich domains (1). The cytoplasmic region of both isoforms contains several tyrosine, serine, and threonine residues that have the potential to be phosphorylated, and thus to be involved in signal transduction (1). The C-terminal of isoform 2 also contains a conserved glutamic acid-cysteine-glutamic acid-valine sequence for potential interaction with PDZ proteins (1 - 2). Mature human LRRTM3 (isoform 1) is 98% identical to mouse LRRTM3. In the mouse, beginning at 8.5 dpc, strong levels of LRRTM3 can be detected in the neural progenitors of the neural plate that will develop into the rostral neural tube, the forebrain, a stripe in the hindbrain, and the region of the presomitic mesoderm/somite boundary (2). By 15 dpc, LRRTM3 is expressed broadly and accumulates thereafter (3). In the adult, LRRTM3 is expressed almost exclusively in the brain with high expression in the cortical laminae and dentate gyrus, as well as detectable levels in the hypothalamus and amygdala (3). Functionally, LRRTM3 may be involved in the formation of the CNS and maintenance of CNS structure and function in the adult brain (1). In addition, LRRTM3 has been shown to promote processing of amyloid-precursor protein by BACE1, and is a positional candidate gene for late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (3).

References
  1. Lauren, J. et al. (2003) Genomics 81:411.
  2. Haines, B.P. and P.W.J. Rigby (2007) Gene Expr. Patterns 7:23.
  3. Majercak, J. et al. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. U.S.A. 103:17967.
Long Name
Leucine Rich Repeat Transmembrane Neuronal 3
Entrez Gene IDs
347731 (Human); 216028 (Mouse); 294380 (Rat)
Alternate Names
leucine rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 3; leucine-rich repeat transmembrane neuronal protein 3; LRRTM3; MGC131810

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