Recombinant Mouse LRRC32/GARP Protein, CF

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
6229-LR-050
R&D Systems Recombinant Proteins and Enzymes
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Recombinant Mouse LRRC32/GARP Protein, CF Summary

Product Specifications

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Level
<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA. When recombinant mouse LRRC32/GARP is immobilized at 5 μg/mL, recombinant human Latent TGF-beta binds with an apparent Kd <25 nM.
Source
Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived mouse LRRC32/GARP protein
Ile18-Asn628, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Ile18
Predicted Molecular Mass
67.4 kDa
SDS-PAGE
70-80 kDa, reducing conditions

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6229-LR

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

6229-LR

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in HEPES, NaCl, PEG 3350 and CHAPS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 300 μg/mL in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 2 weeks, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
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Background: LRRC32/GARP

Leucine-rich repeat protein 32 (LRRC32), also known as GARP (glycoprotein A repetitions predominant), is an 80 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein (1). Mature mouse LRRC32 consists of a 608 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) that contains 22 leucine-rich repeats, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 14 aa cytoplasmic domain (2-4). Within the ECD, mouse LRRC32 shares 80 and 94% aa sequence identity with human and rat LRRC32, respectively. LRRC32 is widely expressed during embryogenesis and on adult platelets (4, 5). Among T cells, it is selectively expressed on activated FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) (6-10). LRRC32 expression promotes the acquisition of a Treg phenotype including reduced cellular proliferation, reduced cytokine secretion, and the capacity to suppress the proliferation of naïve T cells (6-8). LRRC32 binds directly to the TGF-beta latency associated peptide (LAP) and tethers latent TGF-beta on the surface of activated Treg cells (9, 10). The presentation of TGF-beta on Tregs contributes to their ability to suppress naïve T cell proliferation (11).

References
  1. Battaglia, M. and M.G. Roncarolo (2009) Eur. J. Immunol. 39:3296.
  2. Ollendorff, V. et al. (1994) Cell Growth Differ. 5:213.
  3. Bella, J. et al. (2008) Cell Mol Life Sci. 65:2307.
  4. Roubin, R. et al. (1996) Int. J. Dev. Biol. 40:545.
  5. Macaulay, I.C. et al. (2007) Blood 109:3260.
  6. Wang, R. et al. (2008) PloS ONE 3:e2705.
  7. Wang, R. et al. (2009) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 106:13439.
  8. Probst-Kepper, M. et al. (2009) J. Cell. Mol. Med. 13:3343.
  9. Tran, D.Q. et al. (2009) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 106:13445.
  10. Stockis, J. et al. (2009) Eur. J. Immunol. 39:3315.
  11. Vignali, D.A. et al. (2008) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 8:523.
Long Name
Leucine-rich Repeat Containing 32/Glycoprotein A Repetitions Predominant
Entrez Gene IDs
2615 (Human); 434215 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
D11S833E; D11S833Eleucine-rich repeat-containing protein 32; GARP; GARPGarpin; Garpin; Glycoprotein A repetitions predominantgarpin; leucine rich repeat containing 32; LRRC32

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