Neuropeptide with many biological actions; plays a role in neurotransmission, smooth muscle relaxation and has trophic and mitogenic actions.
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All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Molecular pharmacology and structure of VPAC receptors for VIP and PACAP.
Laburthe and Couvineau
International Union of Pharmacology. XVIII. Nomenclature of receptors for vasoactive intestinal peptide and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide.
Harmar et al.
The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for VIP (human, rat, mouse, rabbit, canine, porcine) include:
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