Human M-CSF Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AB-216-NA

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Cell Proliferation Induced by M‑CSF and Neutralization by Human M‑CSF Antibody.
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Citations (2)
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Human M-CSF Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human M-CSF in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, this antibody shows less than 5% cross‑reactivity with recombinant mouse M-CSF.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Protein A or G purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human M-CSF
Glu33-Ser190
Accession # NP_757350
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human M-CSF (Catalog # 216-MC)
Neutralization
Measured by its ability to neutralize M‑CSF-induced proliferation in the M‑NFS‑60 mouse myelogenous leukemia lymphoblast cell line [Halenbeck, R. et al. (1989) Biotechnology 7:710]. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.05-0.15 µg/mL in the presence of 2.5 ng/mL Recombinant Human M‑CSF.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Scientific Data

Neutralization Cell Proliferation Induced by M‑CSF and Neutralization by Human M‑CSF Antibody. View Larger

Cell Proliferation Induced by M‑CSF and Neutralization by Human M‑CSF Antibody. Recombinant Human M-CSF (Catalog # 216-MC) stimulates proliferation in the M-NFS-60 mouse myelogenous leukemia lymphoblast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human M-CSF (2.5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human M-CSF Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-216-NA). The ND50 is typically 0.05-0.15 µg/mL.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 1 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: M-CSF

M-CSF, also known as CSF-1, is a four-alpha -helical-bundle cytokine that is the primary regulator of macrophage survival, proliferation and differentiation (1‑3). M-CSF is also essential for the survival and proliferation of osteoclast progenitors (1, 4). M-CSF also primes and enhances macrophage killing of tumor cells and microorganisms, regulates the release of cytokines and other inflammatory modulators from macrophages, and stimulates pinocytosis (2, 3). M-CSF increases during pregnancy to support implantation and growth of the decidua and placenta (5). Sources of M-CSF include fibroblasts, activated macrophages, endometrial secretory epithelium, bone marrow stromal cells and activated endothelial cells (1‑5). The M-CSF receptor (c-fms) transduces its pleotropic effects and mediates its endocytosis. M-CSF mRNAs of various sizes occur (3‑9). Full length human M-CSF transcripts encode a 522 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane (TM) protein with a 464 aa extracellular region, a 21 aa TM domain, and a 37 aa cytoplasmic tail that forms a 140 kDa covalent dimer. Differential processing produces two proteolytically cleaved, secreted dimers. One is an N- and O- glycosylated 86 kDa dimer, while the other is modified by both glycosylation and chondroitin-sulfate proteoglycan (PG) to generate a 200 kDa subunit. Although PG-modified M-CSF can circulate, it may be immobilized by attachment to type V collagen (8). Shorter transcripts encode M‑CSF that lacks cleavage and PG sites and produces an N-glycosylated 68 kDa TM dimer and a slowly produced 44 kDa secreted dimer (7). Although forms may vary in activity and half-life, all contain the N-terminal 150 aa portion that is necessary and sufficient for interaction with the M-CSF receptor (10, 11). The first 223 aa of mature human M-CSF shares 88%, 86%, 81% and 74% aa identity with corresponding regions of dog, cow, mouse and rat M-CSF, respectively (12, 13). Human M‑CSF is active in the mouse, but mouse M-CSF is reported to be species-specific.

References
  1. Pixley, F.J. and E.R. Stanley (2004) Trends Cell Biol. 14:628.
  2. Chitu, V. and E.R. Stanley (2006) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 18:39.
  3. Fixe, P. and V. Praloran (1997) Eur. Cytokine Netw. 8:125.
  4. Ryan, G.R. et al. (2001) Blood 98:74.
  5. Makrigiannakis, A. et al. (2006) Trends Endocrinol. Metab. 17:178.
  6. Nandi, S. et al. (2006) Blood 107:786.
  7. Rettenmier, C.W. and M.F. Roussel (1988) Mol. Cell Biol. 8:5026.
  8. Suzu, S. et al. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267:16812.
  9. Manos, M.M. (1988) Mol. Cell. Biol. 8:5035.
  10. Koths, K. (1997) Mol. Reprod. Dev. 46:31.
  11. Jang, M-H. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 177:4055.
  12. Kawasaki, E.S. et al. (1985) Science 230: 291.
  13. Wong, G.G. et al. (1987) Science 235:1504.
Long Name
Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor
Entrez Gene IDs
1435 (Human); 12977 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
colony stimulating factor 1 (macrophage); CSF1; CSF-1; Lanimostim; macrophage colony stimulating factor; macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1; MCSF; M-CSF; MCSFlanimostim; MGC31930

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Citations for Human M-CSF Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. Molecular signaling pathways mediating osteoclastogenesis induced by prostate cancer cells.
    Authors: Rafiei S, Komarova S
    BMC Cancer, 2013-12-26;13(0):605.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: Blocking
  2. CD40-ligand stimulates myelopoiesis by regulating flt3-ligand and thrombopoietin production in bone marrow stromal cells.
    Authors: Solanilla A, Dechanet J, El Andaloussi A, Dupouy M, Godard F, Chabrol J, Charbord P, Reiffers J, Nurden AT, Weksler B, Moreau JF, Ripoche J
    Blood, 2000-06-15;95(12):3758-64.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Neutralization

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Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

Goat IgG (H+L) Antibody

WB,ELISA

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