Chemical Name: 2-((E)-2-((E)-2-(3-((4-((2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl)oxy)-4-oxobutyl)dimethylammonio)propoxy)-3-(2-((E)-1-(2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)-3,3-dimethyl-5-sulfonatoindolin-2-ylidene)ethylidene)cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)vinyl)-1-(2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)-3,3-dimethyl-3H-indol-1-ium-5-sulfonate
Biological ActivityFNIR-Tag, NHS is a near-infrared fluorescent dye; supplied as an NHS ester for coupling to primary amine groups. FNIR-Tag, NHS allows a higher degree of labeling (DOL) with less aggregation than leading competitor product. When conjugated to antibodies, FNIR-Tag, NHS exhibits reduced liver uptake in vivo compared with leading competitor conjugates. In addition, FNIR-Tag, NHS conjugates are significantly brighter than leading competitor conjugates at similar labeling densities in vivo and in vitro. Antibody conjugation efficiency is greatest at pH 7.4. Excitation/emission maxima = 766/788 nm; Extinction coefficient = 200,000 M-1cm-1; QY = 0.099. For further information about how FNIR-Tag, NHS may be used, please see our protocol: Conjugation Protocol for Amine Reactive Dyes.
Application of FNIR-Tag, NHS in vitro. C166 mouse endothelial cells were incubated with 20 nM virus-like particles (VLPs) at 37 °C for 1 h. Samples were extensively washed to remove VLPs not bound to the cellular surface and subsequently fixed to preserve any interactions prior to analysis by flow cytometry. FNIR-Tag conjugates (red) were significantly brighter than IR-800CW conjugates (black) at similar labeling at low (A) and high (B) fluorophore loadings. For more information on this work read Luciano et al (2019) A nonaggregating heptamethine cyanine for building brighter labeled biomolecules. ACS Chem.Biol. 14 934 PMID: 31030512
Application of FNIR-Tag, NHS in vivo. (A) Representative images demonstrating detection of virus-like particle (VLP) conjugates in the liver at 2 h (left panel) and 24 h (right panel) post injection. Scale bar represents epifluorescent in total radiant efficiency. (B) Quantitative analysis of the fluorescence intensity detected at 2 and 24 h post injection. Data are mean value ± standard error. Statistical analysis was performed between groups at the same time point using Student’s t-test. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01. For more information on this work read Luciano et al (2019) A nonaggregating heptamethine cyanine for building brighter labeled biomolecules. ACS Chem.Biol. 14 934 PMID: 31030512
Optical Data for FNIR-Tag, NHS
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