Human Apolipoprotein E/ApoE Quantikine ELISA Kit
Human Apolipoprotein E/ApoE Quantikine ELISA Kit Summary
Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma, Saliva, Urine, Human Milk
|Intra-Assay Precision||Inter-Assay Precision|
The recovery of human ApoE spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay was evaluated.
|Sample Type||Average % Recovery||Range %|
|Cell Culture Media (n=4)||105||93-110|
Human Apolipoprotein E/ApoE Standard Curve
Preparation and Storage
Background: Apolipoprotein E/ApoE
The apolipoproteins are a structurally-unrelated group of proteins that have some association with the transport of lipids in blood. Apolipoproteins, plus phospholipids, cholesterol and triglycerides, form spherical particles with a lipid/hydrophobic center and a (apolipo)protein coat. The apolipoprotein coat promotes aqueous solubility and serves as a ligand for lipoprotein receptors. HDL may contain apolipoproteins A, C, D, E, J, L and M, while LDL contains apolipoproteins B and E.
ApoAI and ApoA2 are major protein components of serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and are produced by the liver and small intestine. They are involved in reverse cholesterol transport from tissues to the liver. Polymorphisms of ApoA2 are associated with disorders of cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism. Human ApoB (Apolipoprotein B-100) is a 550 kDa, secreted, palmitoylated glycoprotein that is part of LDL and VLDL particles. It is made by liver and is 4536 aa in length. It binds LDL to the ApoB/E receptor. ApoC activates lipoprotein lipase and may self-associate to form amyloid-type fibrils.
ApoE is a 34 kDa protein component of serum chylomicrons, VLDL, and HDL particles. It mediates the binding, uptake, and catabolism of these particles through interactions with the ApoE receptor and LDL receptors in the liver and brain. ApoE is important in fatty acid homeostasis and memory formation. Polymorphisms encode three variants (ApoE2, 3, 4) which are differentially related to the development of atherosclerosis and neurogenerative disorders, particularly Alzheimer's disease.
Serum amyloid A proteins (SAAs) are a family of homologous apolipoproteins of high density lipoprotein (HDL). They can be divided into two groups. The first group consists of the acute phase SAA1 and SAA2 that associate with HDL during inflammation and remodel the HDL particle by displacing apolipoprotein A1. The second group consists of constitutively expressed SAA4 and SAA5 that exist as minor apolipoproteins on HDL but make up more than 90% of the total SAA during homeostasis.
- Prepare all reagents, standard dilutions, and samples as directed in the product insert.
- Remove excess microplate strips from the plate frame, return them to the foil pouch containing the desiccant pack, and reseal.
- Add 100 µL of Assay Diluent to each well.
- Add 50 µL of Standard, control, or sample to each well. Cover with a plate sealer, and incubate at room temperature for 3 hours on a horizontal orbital microplate shaker.
- Aspirate each well and wash, repeating the process 3 times for a total of 4 washes.
- Add 200 µL of Conjugate to each well. Cover with a new plate sealer, and incubate at room temperature for 1 hour on the shaker.
- Aspirate and wash 4 times.
- Add 200 µL Substrate Solution to each well. Incubate at room temperature for 30 minutes on the benchtop. PROTECT FROM LIGHT.
- Add 50 µL of Stop Solution to each well. Read at 450 nm within 30 minutes. Set wavelength correction to 540 nm or 570 nm.
Citations for Human Apolipoprotein E/ApoE Quantikine ELISA Kit
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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Apolipoprotein E2 and E3, but Not E4, Promote Retinal Pathologic Neovascularization
Authors: T Masuda, M Shimazawa, Y Hashimoto, A Kojima, S Nakamura, S Suemori, K Mochizuki, H Kawakami, K Kawase, H Hara
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2017;58(2):1208-1217.
Sample Types: Vitreous Humor
Biomarkers of inflammation and innate immunity in atrophic nonunion fracture
J Transl Med, 2016;14(0):258.
Sample Types: Serum
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