Human EphB4 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

  • Species Reactivity
  • Specificity
    Detects human EphB4 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human EphA1, A2, A5, A6, A10, B2, B3, B6, recombinant mouse EphA3, A4, or recombinant rat EphB1 is observed.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Rat IgG1 Clone # 395810
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human EphB4
    Accession # AAH52804
  • Formulation
    Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
  • Label
    Alexa Fluor 700
  • Flow Cytometry
    5 µL/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of EphB4 in MCF‑7 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line was stained with Rat Anti-Human EphB4 Alexa Fluor® 700‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB3038N, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC005N, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Protect from light. Do not freeze.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: EphB4

EphB4, also known as Htk, Myk1, Tyro11, and Mdk2, is a member of the Eph receptor tyrosine kinase family and binds Ephrin-B2. The A and B class Eph proteins have a common structural organization (1‑4). The human EphB4 cDNA encodes a 987 amino acid precursor that includes a 15 amino acid (aa) signal sequence, a 524 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 427 aa cytoplasmic domain (5). The ECD contains an N-terminal globular domain, a cysteine‑rich domain, and two fibronectin type III domains. The cytoplasmic domain contains a juxtamembrane motif with two tyrosine residues which are the major autophosphorylation sites, a kinase domain, and a conserved sterile alpha motif (SAM) (5). Activation of kinase activity occurs after membrane-bound or clustered ligand recognition and binding. The ECD of human EphB4 shares 89% aa sequence identity with mouse EphB4 and 42‑45% aa sequence identity with human EphB1, 2, and 3. EphB4 is expressed preferentially on venous endothelial cells (EC) and inhibits cell-cell adhesion, chemotaxis, and angiogenesis. Opposing effects are induced by signaling through Ephrin-B2 expressed on arterial EC: adhesion, endothelial cell migration, and vessel sprouting (6). EphB4 singaling contributes to new vascularization by guiding venous EC away from Ephrin-B2 expressing EC. Ephrin-B2 signaling induces arterial EC to migrate towards nascent EphB4 expressing vessels (6). The combination of forward signaling through EphB4 and reverse signaling through Ephrin-B2 promotes in vivo mammary tumor growth and tumor‑associated angiogenesis (7). EphB4 promotes the differentiation of megakaryocytic and erythroid progenitors but not granulocytic or monocytic progenitors (8, 9).

  • References:
    1. Poliakov, A. et al. (2004) Dev. Cell 7:465.
    2. Surawska, H. et al. (2004) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 15:419.
    3. Pasquale, E.B. (2005) Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 6:462.
    4. Davy, A. and P. Soriano (2005) Dev. Dyn. 232:1.
    5. Bennett, B.D. et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269:14211.
    6. Fuller, T. et al. (2003) J. Cell Sci. 116:2461.
    7. Noren, N.K. et al. (2004) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 101:5583.
    8. Wang, Z. et al. (2002) Blood 99:2740.
    9. Inada, T. et al. (1997) Blood 89:2757.
  • Long Name:
    Eph Receptor B4
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    2050 (Human); 13846 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    EC 2.7.10; EC; EPH receptor B4; EphB4; ephrin type-B receptor 4; hepatoma transmembrane kinase; Htk; HTKephrin receptor EphB4; Mdk2; Myk1; soluble EPHB4 variant 1; soluble EPHB4 variant 2; soluble EPHB4 variant 3; Tyro11; Tyrosine-protein kinase receptor HTK; Tyrosine-protein kinase TYRO11
Related Research Areas
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Rat IgG1 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Isotype Control

Ctrl IC005N
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Staining Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer (1X)

Flow FC001 3
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Flow Cytometry Mouse Lyse Buffer (10X)

Flow FC003 1
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Flow Cytometry Human Lyse Buffer (10X)

Flow FC002 1
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