Human IL-32 Alexa Fluor® 405-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # P24001
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Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Interleukin 32 (IL-32) is an N-glycosylated cytokine that is upregulated by inflammatory stimulation in monocytes, NK cells, epithelial cells, and pancreatic myofibroblasts (1-5). It cooperates with these stimuli to promote the expression of other proinflammatory molecules such as TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1 beta, IL-1 alpha, and CXCL8/IL‑8 (5-7). The longest of several IL-32 splicing variants is the 20-25 kDa gamma isoform which is also known as natural killer cell transcript 4 (NK4) (8, 9). The alpha isoform (IL-32 alpha ) lacks a portion of the putative signal peptide as well as 57 aa from the C-terminal region. IL-32 alpha is less potent than IL-32 beta, gamma, or δ at inducing the expression of proinflammatory molecules in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) (8, 10). Neutrophil-derived Proteinase 3 (PR3) cleaves IL-32 alpha between Thr57 and Val58, a cleavage site that is retained in other IL-32 isoforms (11). The N-terminal fragment of PR3-cleaved IL-32 alpha shows increased potency at inducing CXCL2/MIP-2 and CXCL8 expression in PBMC relative to uncleaved IL-32 alpha (11, 12). IL-32 is highly expressed by colonic epithelial cells in inflammatory bowel disease and Crohn’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis synovium, and ductal epithelial cells in chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer (5, 13-15). IL-32 inhibits HIV-1 replication in vitro, and it is elevated in the serum of HIV-1 patients (16, 17).
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- Li, W. et al. (2009) Eur. J. Immunol. 39:1019.
- Nishida, A. et al. (2008) Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 294:G831.
- Shoda, H. et al. (2006) Arthritis Res. Ther. 8:R166.
- Netea, M.G. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:16309.
- Hong, J. et al. (2010) Cytokine 49:171.
- Kim, S-H. et al. (2005) Immunity 22:131.
- Dahl, C.A. et al. (1992) J. Immunol. 148:597.
- Choi, J-D. et al. (2009) Immunology 126:535.
- Novick, D. et al. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:3316.
- Kim, S. et al. (2008) BMB Rep. 41:814.
- Shioya, M. et al. (2007) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 149:480.
- Joosten, L.A.B. et al. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:3298.
- Nishida, A. et al. (2009) J. Biol. Chem. 284:17868.
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- Nold, M.F. et al. (2008) J. Immunol. 181:557.
Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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