Human IL-34 PE-conjugated Antibody

(1 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
  • Specificity
    Detects recombinant human IL-34 in direct ELISAs.  In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL-34 is observed.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 578416
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human IL-34
    Accession # Q6ZMJ4
  • Formulation
    Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
  • Label
  • Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
    10 µL/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
Detection of IL‑34 in NS0 Mouse Cell Line Transfected with Human IL-34 by Flow Cytometry. NS0 mouse myeloma cell line transfected with human IL-34 was stained with Mouse Anti-Human IL‑34 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC5265P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002P, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Protect from light. Do not freeze.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: IL-34

Interleukin 34 (IL-34; also known as uncharacterized protein C16orf77) is secreted as a homodimer consisting of 39 kDa monomers (1). It belongs to no known cytokine family. Human IL-34 is synthesized as a 242 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 20 aa signal sequence and a 222 aa mature chain. The mature chain contains one potential site of N-linked glycosylation. Human IL-34 is 71% identical to mouse IL-34 on the amino acid level (1). IL-34 is expressed in various tissues, including the heart, brain, liver, kidney, spleen, thymus, testes, ovary, small intestine, prostate, and colon, and is most abundant in the spleen (1). The receptor for IL-34 is colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R) (1,2). IL-34 stimulates monocyte proliferation (1). In functional studies, IL-34, like CSF-1, the other ligand for CSF-1R, stimulated phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2 (ERK1/2) in human monocytes (1). In addition, IL-34 promoted the formation of the colony-forming unit-macrophage (CFU-M), a macrophage progenitor, in human bone marrow cultures (1,3).

  • References:
    1. Lin, H. et al. (2008) Science 320:807.
    2. Chihara, T. et al. (2010) Cell Death Differ. 17:1917.
    3. Wei, S. et al. (2010) J. Leukoc. Biol. 88:495.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 34
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    146433 (Human); 76527 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    C16orf77; IL34
Related Research Areas

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

Showing Results 1 - 1 of 1

  1. IL-34 is a Treg-specific cytokine and mediates transplant tolerance.
    Authors: Bezie S, Picarda E, Ossart J, Tesson L, Usal C, Renaudin K, Anegon I, Guillonneau C
    J Clin Invest, 2015;125(10):3952-64.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Mouse IgG1 PE-conjugated Antibody

Ctrl IC002P 28  
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Staining Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (1X)

Flow FC005 4
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Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (1X)

Flow FC004 3
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Flow Cytometry Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Kit I

Flow FC009
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Flow Cytometry Fixation/Permeabilization Buffer I (1X)

Flow FC007
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