Human Protocadherin gamma C3 Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB83641R-025
Detection of Protocadherin  gamma  C3 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human Protocadherin  gamma  C3 by Flow Cytometry.
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Human Protocadherin gamma C3 Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Protocadherin gamma C3 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 926518
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO-derived recombinant human Protocadherin gamma C3
Met1-Tyr693
Accession # Q9UN70
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 647

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
5 µL/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection of Protocadherin  gamma  C3 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human Protocadherin  gamma  C3 by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of Protocadherin gamma C3 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human Protocadherin gamma C3 by Flow Cytometry. HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human Protocadherin gamma C3 was stained with Mouse Anti-Human Protocadherin gamma C3 Alexa Fluor® 647‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB83641R, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002R, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: Protocadherin gamma C3

Protocadherin  gamma  C3 is a member of the gamma  subgroup of clustered protocadherins (1). Like other gamma  protocadherins, mature Protocadherin  gamma  C3 contains six extracellular cadherin domains, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic domain (2, 3). Within the ECD, human Protocadherin  gamma  C3 shares 91% and 92% amino acid sequence identity with mouse and rat Protocadherin gamma C3, respectively. It plays an important role in cell adhesion and cell recognition through Ca2+ -dependent homophilic interaction (4). MMP-mediated shedding of gamma  protocadherins and release of their cytoplasmic domain by the gamma -secretase complex results in translocation of the intracellular domain into the nucleus and transcriptional activation of target genes (5-7). Protocadherin  gamma  C3 is cleaved within its ectodomain by ADAM10 in fibroblasts and neuronal cells (8). Deletion of the entire protocadherin gamma  gene cluster is embryonic lethal in mice (9). Protocadherin  gamma  C3 is most notably expressed in the nervous system (10). Conditional deletion of the protocadherin  gamma  gene cluster in mice affects development of retinal ganglion cells and spinal cord interneurons, resulting in decreased synapses and increased neuronal apoptosis (9, 11-14). The C-type protocadherin gamma  isoforms specifically may be responsible for the increased apoptosis observed in mice lacking the entire protocadherin gamma  gene cluster (15). Cortical neuron-specific deletion of the protocadherin gamma  gene cluster results in dendritic arborization defects (16). The protocadherin gamma  subfamily may also be involved in cerebrospinal fluid production and the maturation and differentiation of postnatally generated olfactory granule cells (17, 18).

References
  1. Yagi, T. (2008) Dev. Growth Differ. 50:S131.
  2. Sano, K. et al. (1993) EMBO J. 12:2249.
  3. Kohmura, N. et al. (1998) Neuron 20:1137.
  4. Obata, S. et al. (1995) J. Cell Sci. 108:3765.
  5. Hambsch, B. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:15888.
  6. Haas, I.G. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:9313.
  7. Bonn, S. et al. (2007) Mol. Cell. Biol. 27:4121.
  8. Reiss, K. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:21735.
  9. Wang, X. et al. (2002) Neuron 36:843.
  10. Phillips, G.R. et al. (2003) J. Neurosci. 23:5096.
  11. Weiner, J.A. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:8.
  12. Lefebvre, J.L. et al. (2008) Development 135:4141.
  13. Prasad, T. et al. (2008) Development 135:4153.
  14. Lin, C. et al. (2010) J. Biol. Chem. 285:41675.
  15. Chen, W.V. et al. (2012) Neuron 75:402.
  16. Garrett, A.M. et al. (2012) Neuron 74:269.
  17. Lobas, M.A. et al. (2012) J. Neurochem. 120:913.
  18. Ledderose, J. et al. (2013) Sci. Rep. 3:1514.
Entrez Gene IDs
5098 (Human); 93706 (Mouse); 116782 (Rat)
Alternate Names
Cadherin-Like 2; PC43; PC-43; PCDH2; PCDH-GAMMA-C3; PCDHGC3; protocadherin 2; Protocadherin 43; Protocadherin gamma C3; protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 3; protocadherin gamma-C3; Protocadherin-2; protocadherin-43

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