Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
|Detection of Smad4 in HeLa Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human Smad4 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC2097P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC0041P, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.|
Mothers Against Decapentaplegic homolog 4 (Smad4) belongs to a family of intracellular proteins that transmit transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta ) superfamily signals from the cell surface to the nucleus. Upon signal-induced phosphorylation, Smad subunits associate with the common-mediator subunit, Smad4. This heteromeric complex then translocates into the nucleus to exert transcriptional comodulator activity.
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