Detection of B7‑H1/PD‑L1 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Mouse B7-H1 and eGFP by Flow Cytometry.
HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with either (A) mouse B7-H1 or (B) irrelevant transfectants and eGFP was stained with Rat Anti-Mouse B7‑H1/PD‑L1 Alexa Fluor® 647‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB9078R). Quadrant markers were set based on control antibody staining (Catalog # IC006R). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Mouse B7 homolog 1(B7-H1), also called programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDCD1L1), is a member of the B7 family of proteins that provide signals for regulating T-cell activation and tolerance (1‑4). Other family members include B7-1, B7-2, B7-H2, B7-H3 and PD-L2. B7 proteins are immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily members with extracellular Ig-V-like and Ig-C-like domains and a short cytoplasmic region. Among the family members, they share from 20‑40% amino acid (aa) sequence identity. The cloned mouse B7-H1/PD-L1 cDNA encodes a 290 aa type I membrane precursor protein with a putative 18 aa signal peptide, a 220 aa extracellular region containing one V-like and one C-like Ig domain, a 22 aa transmembrane region, and a 30 aa cytoplasmic domain. Mouse and human B7-H1/PD-L1 share approximately 70% aa sequence identity. B7-H1/PD-L1 is one of two ligands for programmed death-1 (PD-1), a member of the CD28 family of immunoreceptors. The other identified ligand is PD-L2. Mouse B7-H1/PD-L1 and PD-L2 share approximately 34% aa sequence identity and have similar functions. B7-H1/PD-L1 is constitutively expressed in various lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs including placenta, heart, pancreas, lung, liver, and endothelium (1‑4). The expression of B7-H1/PD-L1 is detected on B cells, T cells, monocytes, dendritic cells and thymic epithelial cells. IFN-gamma treatment induces B7-H1/PD-L1 expression in monocytes, dendritic cells, and endothelial cells. B7-H1/PD-L1 expression is also upregulated in a variety of tumor cell lines. On previously activated T cells, B7-H1/PD-L1 interaction with PD-1 inhibits TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production, suggesting an inhibitory role in regulating immune responses. In contrast, a costimulatory function for the PD-1 ligands on resting T cells has also been reported (1‑4).
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Freeman, G. et al. (2000) J. Exp. Med. 192:1027.
Sharpe, A.H. and G. J. Freeman (2002) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2:116.
Coyle, A. and J. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
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