Recombinant GFP/SNAP25B/VAMP-2 Protein, CF

Substrate for Botulinum and Tetanus Neurotoxin Proteases
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R&D Systems Recombinant Proteins and Enzymes
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Recombinant GFP/SNAP25B/VAMP-2 Protein, CF Summary

Product Specifications

>85%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Measured by cleavage by botulinum and tetanus toxin light chains. >50% of 1 μg can be cleaved by 4 ng of toxin light chain, as measured under the described conditions.
E. coli-derived GFP/SNAP25B/VAMP-2 protein
MVKSADI 10-His tag Linker 1 GFP
Accession # ACS44347
Linker 2 Human SNAP25B
Accession # P60880
Human VAMP-2
Accession # P63027
N-terminus C-terminus
N-terminal Sequence
Val (of MVKSADI)  
Predicted Molecular Mass
52 kDa
54-58 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

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Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.


Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris, NaCl, DTT and Tween®.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Assay Procedure

  • Assay Buffer: 50 mM HEPES, pH 6.5
  • Recombinant C. botulinum BoNT-D Light Chain (rBoNT/D-LC) (Catalog # 6037-ZN)
  • Substrate: Recombinant GFP/SNAP25B/VAMP-2 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 7375-SV)
  • SDS-PAGE and silver stain reagents or Western blot with appropriate antibodies
  1. Dilute Substrate to 100 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  2. Dilute rBoNT/D-LC to 0.4 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  3. Combine equal volumes of diluted Substrate with diluted rBoNT/D-LC. Prepare two controls by combining equal volumes of diluted Substrate with Assay Buffer.
  4. Incubate reaction vials at room temperature for 1 hour. Incubate one control at room temperature and the other at -20 °C for 1 hour.
  5. After incubation, combine reaction mixtures and controls with reducing SDS-PAGE sample buffer at a 2:1 (reaction mixture:sample buffer) ratio (v/v) to stop reactions.
  6. Analyze the cleavage products by SDS-PAGE (Load 30 µL of the mixture from step 5 per lane (1 µg Substrate per lane) followed by silver staining and/or Western blot.
Per Lane:
  • rBoNT/D-LC: 4 ng
  • Substrate: 1 µg
Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.


Background: GFP/SNAP25B/VAMP-2

Botulinum and tetanus neurotoxins (BoNTs and TeNT) are zinc metalloproteases that hydrolyze and inactivate proteins necessary for neurotransmission. The protease domain is located in the light chain of the neurotoxin. Among the known substrates of BoNTs and TeNT are synaptosomal protein-25 (SNAP25) and vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP). This substrate incorporates a green fluorescent protein (GFPuv) and portions of human SNAP25B and VAMP‑2 that contain the cleavage sites of all the known BoNTs and TeNT. The light chains of BoNTs -A, -C, and -E cleave the SNAP25B sequence, while BoNTs -B, -D, -F, -G, and TeNT cleave within the VAMP‑2 sequence.  The substrate can be used in a SDS‑PAGE gel-shift assay to detect cleavage by the neurotoxin proteases. Alternatively, the substrate can be coupled to maleimide-activated microwell plates through the C-terminal cysteine residue to generate a high throughput assay format. A similar substrate and assay format has been used to screen for inhibitors of these neurotoxin proteases (1).

  1. Hines, H.B. et al. (2008) Applied and Environ. Microbiol. 74:653.
Long Name
Green Fluorescent Protein:SNAP25B/VAMP-2
Alternate Names
GFP; GFP/SNAP25B/VAMP-2; Green Fluorescent Protein

Citation for Recombinant GFP/SNAP25B/VAMP-2 Protein, CF

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Postsynaptic synucleins mediate endocannabinoid signaling
    Authors: Albarran, E;Sun, Y;Liu, Y;Raju, K;Dong, A;Li, Y;Wang, S;S�dhof, TC;Ding, JB;
    Nature neuroscience
    Species: N/A
    Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
    Applications: Bioassay


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