Recombinant Human Active PYK2/FAK2 Protein, CF Summary
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Supplied in 50 mM Sodium Phosphate (pH 7.0), 300 mM NaCl, 0.25 mM DTT, 150 mM Imidazole, 0.1 mM PMSF, and 25% Glycerol.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||This product is stable at ≤ ‑70 °C for up to 1 year from the date of receipt. For optimal storage, aliquot into smaller quantities after centrifugation and store at recommended temperature. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.|
- Active Kinase - Active PYK2 (0.1 μg/μL) diluted with Kinase Dilution Buffer. Note: These are suggested working dilutions. Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
- Kinase Assay Buffer II - 25 mM MOPS, pH 7.2, 12.5 mM beta -glycerolphosphate, 20 mM MgCl2, 12.5 mM MnCl2, 5 mM EGTA, 2 mM EDTA. Add 0.25 mM DTT to the Kinase Assay Buffer prior to use.
- Kinase Dilution Buffer IV - Kinase Assay Buffer II diluted 5-fold with a 50 ng/μL BSA solution.
- 10 mM ATP Stock Solution - Prepare the ATP Stock Solution by dissolving 55 mg of ATP in 10 mL of Kinase Assay Buffer II. Store 200 μL aliquots at ≤ -20 °C.
- [33P]-ATP Assay Cocktail - Prepare 250 μM [33P]-ATP Assay Cocktail in a designated radioactive work area by combining 150 μL of 10 mM ATP Stock Solution, 100 μL of [33P]-ATP (1 mCi/100 μL), and 5.75 mL of Kinase Assay Buffer II. Store 1 mL aliquots at ≤ -20 °C.
- Substrate - Poly (Glu:Tyr; 4:1) synthetic peptide diluted in distilled or deionized water to a final concentration of 1 mg/mL.
- Thaw the [33P]-ATP Assay Cocktail in a shielded container in a designated radioactive work area.
- Thaw the Active PYK2, Kinase Assay Buffer II, Substrate, and Kinase Dilution Buffer IV on ice.
- In a pre-cooled microfuge tube, add the following reaction components bringing the initial reaction volume up to 20 μL:
a. Diluted Active PYK2: 10 μL
b. Poly Substrate (1 mg/mL; on ice): 5 μL
c. Distilled Water: 5 μL
- Set up the blank control as outlined in Step 3, excluding the addition of the substrate. Replace the substrate with an equal volume of distilled or deionized water.
- Initiate the reaction with the addition of 5 μL [33P]-ATP Assay Cocktail, bringing the final volume up to 25 μL. Incubate the mixture in a water bath at 30 °C for 15 minutes.
- After the 15 minute incubation, terminate the reaction by spotting 20 μL of the reaction mixture onto individual pre-cut strips of phosphocellulose P81 paper.
- Air dry the pre-cut P81 strip and sequentially wash in a 1% phosphoric acid solution (add 10 mL of phosphoric acid to 990 mL of distilled or deionized water) with constant gentle stirring. It is recommended that the strips be washed a total of three times for approximately 10 minutes each.
- Count the radioactivity on the P81 paper in the presence of scintillation fluid in a scintillation counter.
- Determine the corrected cpm by subtracting the blank control value (see Step 4) for each sample and calculate the kinase specific activity as outlined below.
Calculation of [33P]-ATP Specific Activity (SA) (cpm/pmol)
Specific Activity (SA) = cpm for 5 μL [33P]-ATP/pmol of ATP (in 5 μL of a 250 μM ATP stock solution; i.e. 1250 pmol)
Calculation of Kinase Specific Activity (SA) (pmol/minutes/μg or nmol/minutes/mg)
Corrected cpm from reaction / [(SA of 33P-ATP in cpm/pmol) x (Reaction time in minutes) x (Enzyme amount in μg or mg)] x [(Reaction volume) / (Spot Volume)]
The approximate molecular weight is 39 kDa and the purity is > 95%.
PYK2 (also known as FAK2/RAFTK) is a member of the focal adhesion PTK family. PYK2/FAK2 can be activated by a variety of extracellular signals that elevate intracellular calcium concentration and by stress signals (1). Unlike FAK, which is widely expressed in various tissues and links transmembrane integrin receptors to intracellular pathways, PYK2/FAK2 is expressed mainly in the central nervous system and in cells derived from hematopoietic lineages. In osteoclasts, although FAK is expressed, PYK2/FAK2 appears to be the predominant mediator of integrin alpha V beta 3 signaling events that influence osteoclast physiology and pathology (2).
- Avraham, H. et al. (2000) Cell Signal. 12:123.
- Xiong, W.C. et al. (2003) Front. Biosci. 8:1219.
Citation for Recombinant Human Active PYK2/FAK2 Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
CF airway smooth muscle transcriptome reveals a role for PYK2
Authors: DP Cook, RJ Adam, K Zarei, B Deonovic, MR Stroik, ND Gansemer, DK Meyerholz, KF Au, DA Stoltz
JCI Insight, 2017;2(17):.
Sample Types: Enzyme Substrate
Applications: Enzyme Assay
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