Recombinant Human BCAT1 Protein, CF

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
Recombinant Human BCAT1 Protein Enzyme Activity
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Product Details

Recombinant Human BCAT1 Protein, CF Summary

Product Specifications

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Measured by its ability to convert leucine and alpha-ketoglutarate to alpha-ketoisocaproate and glutamate. The specific activity is >9,000 pmol/min/μg, as measured under the described conditions.
E. coli-derived human BCAT1 protein
with an N-terminal Met and 6-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Predicted Molecular Mass
44 kDa
40-45 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

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Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.


Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris, NaCl, DTT and Glycerol.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Assay Procedure

  •  Assay Buffer: 50 mM Tris, 0.05% Tween-20, pH 8.0
  • Recombinant Human BCAT1 (rhBCAT1) (Catalog # 9536-BA)
  • Recombinant Human NQO-1 (rhNQO-1) (Catalog # 7567-DH)
  • Glutamate dehydrogenase (GIDH) (Sigma, Catalog # G7882), 200 U/mL sock in 50 mM Tris, 0.05% Tween-20, pH 8.0
  • Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ( beta -NAD) (Sigma, Catalog # N6522), 100 mM stock in deionized water
  • Resazurin (Catalog # AR002)
  • alpha -Ketoglutaric Acid (Sigma, Catalog # K2010), 1 M stock in deionized water
  • L-Leucine (EMD Biosciences, Inc., Catalog # 4330), 100 mM stock in deionized water
  • F16 Black Maxisorp Plate (Nunc, Catalog # 475515)
  • Fluorescent Plate Reader (Model: SpectraMax Gemini EM by Molecular Devices) or equivalent
  1. Dilute rhBCAT1 to 0.04 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  2. Dilute alpha -Ketoglutaric Acid to 100 mM in Assay Buffer.
  3. Prepare Substrate Mixture containing 100 U/mL GIDH, 2 mM beta -NAD, 40 µM Resazurin, 1 mM alpha -Ketoglutaric Acid, 4 mM L-Leucine, and 4 µg/mL rhNQO-1 in Assay Buffer.
  4. Load 50 µL of 0.04 µg/mL rhBCAT-1 in a plate, and start the reaction by adding 50 µL of Substrate Mixture. Include a Substrate Blank containing 50 µL Assay Buffer and 50 µL of Substrate Mixture.
  5. Read at excitation and emission wavelengths of 540 nm and 585 nm (top read), respectively, in kinetic mode for 8 minutes with a 3 minute lag time in kinetic mode.
  6. Calculate specific activity:

     Specific Activity (pmol/min/µg) =

Adjusted Vmax* (RFU/min) x Conversion Factor** (pmol/RFU)
amount of enzyme (µg)

     *Adjusted for Substrate Blank.
**Derived using calibration standard Resorufin (Sigma, Catalog # R3257).

Per Well:
  • rhBCAT1: 0.002 µg
  • GIDH: 5 U
  • beta -NAD: 1 mM
  • rhNQO-1: 0.2 µg
  • Resazurin: 0.02 mM
  • alpha -Ketoglutaric Acid: 0.5 mM
  • L-Leucine: 2 mM

Scientific Data

Enzyme Activity Recombinant Human BCAT1 Protein Enzyme Activity View Larger

Recombinant Human BCAT1 (Catalog # 9536-BA) is measured by its ability to convert leucine and alpha-ketoglutarate to alpha-ketoisocaproate and glutamate.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.


Background: BCAT1

Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferases (BCATs) are enzymes that catalyze the first reaction in the catabolism of the essential branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine to their respective keto-acids while concurrently producing glutamate. BCATs belong to the class-IV pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent (PLP-dependent) aminotransferase family of enzymes (1). There are two BCAT isozymes in humans and mammals, a mitochondrial form known as BCATm or BCAT2 and a cytosolic form known as BCATc or BCAT1 that share 55% sequence identity. In humans and rodents, BCATm is found in most tissues whereas BCATc is almost exclusively present in the nervous system (2,3) where it is thought to play a role in glutamate neurotransmitter metabolism (1, 4). The 43 kDa human BCATc exists as an active homodimer and has a unique CXXC active site near the dimerization domain (4). BCATc can be regulated by redox and is implicated as a marker for oxidative stress (5,6) and linked to Alzheimers Disease and Dementia (7). BCATc has been shown to cause cell proliferation (8) and significant evidence has been found implicating BCATc in several types of cancer (8-10). In many reports, BCATc can be further used as a marker or for diagnostic purposes in cancers (11‑13).

  1. Hutson, S. (2001) Prog. Nucleic. Acid Res. Mol. Biol. 70:175
  2. Suryawan, A. et al. (1998) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 68:72.
  3. Hall, T.R. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268:3092.
  4. Yennawar, N. H. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:39660.
  5. Coles, S.J. et al. (2012) Acta.Biochim. Biophys. Sin. 44:172.
  6. El Hindy, M. et al. (2014) Antioxid. Redox Signal 20:2497.
  7. Ashby, E.L. et al. (2017) Neurochem. Res. 42:306.
  8. Zhang, L. and J. Han (2017) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 486:224.
  9. Zhu, W. et al. (2017) Mol. Carcinog. 56:1570.
  10. Zheng, Y.H. et al. (2016) Liver Int. 36:1836.
  11. Young, G.P. et al. (2016) Cancer Med. 5:2763.
  12. Pedersen, S.K. (2015) BMC Cancer. 15:654.
  13. Diaz-Lagares, A. et al. (2016) Clin. Cancer Res. 22:3361.
Long Name
Branched Chain Amino Acid Transaminase 1
Entrez Gene IDs
586 (Human); 12035 (Mouse); 29592 (Rat)
Alternate Names
BCAT(c); BCAT1; BCAT-1; BCATC; BCT1; BCT1PNAS121; branched chain amino-acid transaminase 1, cytosolic; branched chain aminotransferase 1, cytosolic; branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, cytosolic; DKFZp686E12175; EC; ECA39; MECA39; placental protein 18; PNAS121; PP18; Protein ECA39


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