Recombinant Human BMP-9 Protein

(26 citations)   
  • Purity
    >95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to induce alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC5 mouse chondrogenic cells. Nakamura, K. et al. (1999) Exp. Cell Res. 250:351. The ED50 for this effect is 0.4-1.6 ng/mL.
  • Source
    Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived Ser320-Arg429
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
    Analysis
    Ser320
  • Structure / Form
    Disulfide-linked homodimer
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    12.1 kDa (monomer)
  • SDS-PAGE
    13 kDa, reducing conditions
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
3209-BP
 
3209-BP/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with BSA as a carrier protein.
Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 10 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Reconstitution

It is recommended that sterile 4 mM HCl be added to the vial to prepare a working stock solution of no less than 100 μg/mL. The carrier-free protein should be used immediately upon dilution to avoid losses in activity due to non-specific binding to the inside surface of the vial. For long term storage as a dilute solution, a carrier protein (e.g. 0.1% HSA or BSA) should be added to the vial.

Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
Data Images
Recombinant Human BMP-9 (Catalog # 3209-BP) induces alkaline phosphatase production in the ATDC5 mouse chondrogenic cell line. The ED50 for this effect is 0.4-1.6 ng/mL.
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human BMP-9 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing single bands at 13 kDa and 23 kDa, respectively.
Background: BMP-9

Human BMP-9, also known as growth and differentiation factor 2 (GDF-2), is a member of the BMP subgroup of the TGF-beta superfamily proteins that signal through heterodimeric complexes composed of type I and type II BMP receptors. BMP-9 regulates the development and function of a variety of embryonal and adult tissues (1, 2). The human BMP-9 cDNA encodes a 429 amino acid (aa) precursor that includes a 22 aa signal sequence, a 298 aa propeptide, and a 111 aa mature protein (3). Unlike with other BMP family proteins, the propeptide does not interfere with the biological activity of BMP-9 and remains associated with the mature peptide after proteolytic cleavage (4). Human and mouse BMP-9 share 96% aa sequence identity. Within the mature protein, human BMP-9 shares 64% aa sequence identity with human BMP-10 and less than 50% aa sequence identity with other BMPs. BMP-9 is expressed by non-parenchymal cells in the liver, (5, 6) where it promotes lipid metabolism and inhibits glucose production (7). BMP-9 exerts a prolonged hypoglycemic effect which may be due to an enhancement of insulin release (7). BMP-9 interacts with a high affinity specific heteromeric receptor expressed on liver endothelial cells that has been identified as ALK-1 (4 - 6). In the embryonal CNS, BMP-9 functions in the development and maintenance of the cholinergic neuronal phenotype (8 - 10). BMP-9 also induces the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into the chondrogenic lineage (11, 12). At low concentrations, BMP-9 is a proliferative factor for hematopoietic progenitor cells, but at higher concentrations, it enhances TGF-beta 1 production and inhibits hematopoietic progenitor colony formation (13).

  • References:
    1. Chen, D. et al. (2004) Growth Factors 22:233.
    2. Miyazono, K. et al. (2005) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 16:251.
    3. Celeste, A.J. et al. (1994) J. Bone Miner. Res. 9:S136.
    4. Brown, M.A. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:25111.
    5. Song, J.J. et al. (1995) Endocrinology 136:4293.
    6. Miller, A.F. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:17937.
    7. Chen, C. et al. (2003) Nat. Biotechnol. 21:294.
    8. Lopez-Coviella, I. et al. (2000) Science 289:313.
    9. Lopez-Coviella, I. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:6984.
    10. Lopez-Coviella, I. et al. (2002) J. Physiol. Paris 96:53.
    11. Majumdar, M.K. et al. (2001) J. Cell. Physiol. 189:275.
    12. Hills, R.L. et al. (2005) J. Orthoped. Res. 23:611.
    13. Ploemacher, R.E. et al. (1999) Leukemia 13:428.
  • Long Name:
    Bone Morphogenetic Protein 9
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    2658 (Human); 12165 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    BMP9; BMP-9; BMP9BMP-9Bone morphogenetic protein 9; GDF2; GDF-2; growth differentiation factor 2; growth/differentiation factor 2
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

26 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Hepcidin is regulated by promoter-associated histone acetylation and HDAC3
    Authors: SR Pasricha, PJ Lim, TL Duarte, C Casu, D Oosterhuis, K Mleczko-Sa, M Suciu, AR Da Silva, K Al-Hourani, J Arezes, K McHugh, S Gooding, JN Frost, K Wray, A Santos, G Porto, E Repapi, N Gray, SJ Draper, N Ashley, E Soilleux, P Olinga, MU Muckenthal, JR Hughes, S Rivella, TA Milne, AE Armitage, H Drakesmith
    Nat Commun, 2017;8(1):403.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Peptides derived from the knuckle epitope of BMP-9 induce the cholinergic differentiation and inactivate GSk3beta in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells
    Authors: MA Lauzon, O Drevelle, N Faucheux
    Sci Rep, 2017;7(1):4695.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  3. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 9 and BMP10 enhance tumor necrosis factor-?-induced monocyte recruitment to the vascular endothelium mainly via activin receptor-like kinase 2
    Authors: CG Mitrofan, SL Appleby, GB Nash, Z Mallat, ER Chilvers, PD Upton, NW Morrell
    J. Biol. Chem., 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  4. Dual targeting of vascular endothelial growth factor and bone morphogenetic protein-9/10 impairs tumor growth through inhibition of angiogenesis
    Authors: Y Akatsu, Y Yoshimatsu, T Tomizawa, K Takahashi, A Katsura, K Miyazono, T Watabe
    Cancer Sci, 2017;108(1):151-155.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  5. Genome-wide RNAi screen reveals ALK1 mediates LDL uptake and transcytosis in endothelial cells.
    Authors: Kraehling J, Chidlow J, Rajagopal C, Sugiyama M, Fowler J, Lee M, Zhang X, Ramirez C, Park E, Tao B, Chen K, Kuruvilla L, Larrivee B, Folta-Stogniew E, Ola R, Rotllan N, Zhou W, Nagle M, Herz J, Williams K, Eichmann A, Lee W, Fernandez-Hernando C, Sessa W
    Nat Commun, 2016;7(0):13516.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Recombinant Protein
    Application: EnzAct
  6. Hyaluronic Acid Gel-Based Scaffolds as Potential Carrier for Growth Factors: An In Vitro Bioassay on Its Osteogenic Potential
    J Clin Med, 2016;5(12):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  7. MxA Is a Novel Regulator of Endosome-Associated Transcriptional Signaling by Bone Morphogenetic Proteins 4 and 9 (BMP4 and BMP9)
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(11):e0166382.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  8. Bone Morphogenetic Protein 9 Enhances Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Leukocyte Recruitment to the Vascular Endothelium
    J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  9. Genome-wide RNAi screen reveals ALK1 mediates LDL uptake and transcytosis in endothelial cells
    Nat Commun, 2016;7(0):13516.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  10. A BMP7 Variant Inhibits Tumor Angiogenesis In Vitro and In Vivo through Direct Modulation of Endothelial Cell Biology.
    Authors: Tate C, Mc Entire J, Pallini R, Vakana E, Wyss L, Blosser W, Ricci-Vitiani L, D'Alessandris Q, Morgante L, Giannetti S, Larocca L, Todaro M, Benfante A, Colorito M, Stassi G, De Maria R, Rowlinson S, Stancato L
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(4):e0125697.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  11. BMP9 and BMP10 are necessary for proper closure of the ductus arteriosus.
    Authors: Levet S, Ouarne M, Ciais D, Coutton C, Subileau M, Mallet C, Ricard N, Bidart M, Debillon T, Faravelli F, Rooryck C, Feige J, Tillet E, Bailly S
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2015;112(25):E3207-15.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  12. BMP9 Crosstalk with the Hippo Pathway Regulates Endothelial Cell Matricellular and Chemokine Responses.
    Authors: Young K, Tweedie E, Conley B, Ames J, FitzSimons M, Brooks P, Liaw L, Vary C
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(4):e0122892.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  13. Serum induces transcription of Hey1 and Hey2 genes by Alk1 but not Notch signaling in endothelial cells.
    Authors: Woltje K, Jabs M, Fischer A
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(3):e0120547.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  14. Src-mediated post-translational regulation of endoglin stability and function is critical for angiogenesis.
    Authors: Pan C, Kumar S, Shah N, Hoyt D, Hawinkels L, Mythreye K, Lee N
    J Biol Chem, 2014;289(37):25486-96.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  15. Bone morphogenetic protein-9 suppresses growth of myeloma cells by signaling through ALK2 but is inhibited by endoglin.
    Authors: Olsen O, Wader K, Misund K, Vatsveen T, Ro T, Mylin A, Turesson I, Stordal B, Moen S, Standal T, Waage A, Sundan A, Holien T
    Blood Cancer J, 2014;4(0):e196.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  16. Medial ganglionic eminence-like cells derived from human embryonic stem cells correct learning and memory deficits.
    Authors: Liu Y, Weick J, Liu H, Krencik R, Zhang X, Ma L, Zhou G, Ayala M, Zhang S
    Nat Biotechnol, 2013;31(5):440-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  17. Widespread potential for growth-factor-driven resistance to anticancer kinase inhibitors.
    Authors: Wilson TR, Fridlyand J, Yan Y, Penuel E, Burton L, Chan E, Peng J, Lin E, Wang Y, Sosman J, Ribas A, Li J, Moffat J, Sutherlin DP, Koeppen H, Merchant M, Neve R, Settleman J
    Nature, 2012;487(7408):505-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  18. Crossveinless 2 regulates bone morphogenetic protein 9 in human and mouse vascular endothelium.
    Authors: Yao Y, Jumabay M, Ly A, Radparvar M, Wang AH, Abdmaulen R, Bostrom KI
    Blood, 2012;119(21):5037-47.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: Bioassay
  19. Repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) family proteins exhibit differential binding kinetics for bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs).
    Authors: Wu, Qifang, Sun, Chia Chi, Lin, Herbert, Babitt, Jodie L
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(9):e46307.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Recombinant Protein
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  20. BMP9 and BMP10 are critical for postnatal retinal vascular remodeling.
    Blood, 2012;119(25):6162-71.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  21. BMP9 regulates endoglin-dependent chemokine responses in endothelial cells.
    Authors: Young, Kira, Conley, Barbara, Romero, Diana, Tweedie, Eric, O'Neill, Christin, Pinz, Ilka, Brogan, Louise, Lindner, Volkhard, Liaw, Lucy, Vary, Calvin P
    Blood, 2012;120(20):4263-73.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  22. Soluble Endoglin Specifically Binds Bone Morphogenetic Proteins 9 and 10 via Its Orphan Domain, Inhibits Blood Vessel Formation, and Suppresses Tumor Growth.
    Authors: Castonguay R, Werner ED, Matthews RG, Presman E, Mulivor AW, Solban N, Sako D, Pearsall RS, Underwood KW, Seehra J, Kumar R, Grinberg AV
    J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(34):30034-46.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Recombinant Protein
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  23. Functional analysis of the BMP9 response of ALK1 mutants from HHT2 patients: a diagnostic tool for novel ACVRL1 mutations.
    Authors: Ricard N, Bidart M, Mallet C
    Blood, 2010;116(9):1604-12.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  24. A rapid and sensitive bioassay for the simultaneous measurement of multiple bone morphogenetic proteins. Identification and quantification of BMP4, BMP6 and BMP9 in bovine and human serum.
    Authors: Herrera B, Inman GJ,
    BMC Cell Biol., 2009;10(0):20.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  25. Iron transferrin regulates hepcidin synthesis in primary hepatocyte culture through hemojuvelin and BMP2/4.
    Authors: Lin L, Valore EV, Nemeth E, Goodnough JB, Gabayan V, Ganz T
    Blood, 2007;110(6):2182-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  26. Identification of BMP9 and BMP10 as functional activators of the orphan activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) in endothelial cells.
    Authors: David L, Mallet C, Mazerbourg S, Feige JJ, Bailly S
    Blood, 2007;109(5):1953-61.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
Expand to show all 26 Citations

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