>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Measured by its ability to induce calcium flux of prostaglandin E2 treated THP‑1 human acute monocytic leukemia cells. Kurth, I. et al. (2001) J. Exp. Med. 194:855. 0.25 µg/mL of Recombinant Human CXCL14/BRAK can significantly induce calcium flux.
Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage:Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
CXCL14/BRAK (breast and kidney-expressed chemokine), also named MIP-2 gamma, KEC (kidney-expressed chemokine), and BMAC (B cell and monocyte-activating chemokine), is a member of CXC chemokine superfamily (1-5). The deduced 99 amino acid (aa) residue precursor has a 22 aa putative signal peptide that is cleaved to produce the 77 aa mature protein. Mature human and mouse CXCL14 differ by only 2 residues. Human CXCL14 shares approximately 30% aa sequence identity with MIP-2 alpha (GRO beta ) as well as MIP-2 beta (GRO gamma ). The gene for CXCL14 has been mapped human chromosome 5q31. Unlike the MIP-2 chemokines, CXCL14 lacks the ELR domain preceding the CXC motif. CXCL14 transcripts are constitutively expressed at high levels in the basal layer of epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts of skin tissues as well as lamina propria cells in normal intestinal tissues. CXCL14 has been shown to be a highly selective chemoattractant for monocytes that have been treated with prostaglandin E2 or forskolin, agents that activate adenylate cyclase. CXCL14 has been proposed to be important for regulating the trafficking of macrophage precursor to regions in skin and mucosal tissues that support their development. Consistent with this hypothesis, macrophages were frequently found to co-localize with CXCL14-producing cells in the dermis and lamina propria.
Hromas, R. et al. (1999) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 255:703.
Cao, X. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 165:2588.
Kurth, I. et al. (2001) J. Exp., Med. 194:855.
Frederick, M.J. et al. (2000) Am. J. Pathol. 156:1937.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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