Recombinant Human GDF-1 Protein

Carrier Free

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
6937-GD-010/CF

With Carrier

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
6937-GD-010
R&D Systems Recombinant Proteins and Enzymes
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Citations (2)
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Recombinant Human GDF-1 Protein Summary

Product Specifications

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to induce Smad2 phosphorylation in P19 mouse embryonal carcinoma cells. Mazerbourg, S. et al. (2004) Mol. Endocrinol. 18:653. 50 ng/mL of Recombinant Human GDF‑1 can effectively induce Smad2 phosphorylation.
Source
Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived human GDF-1 protein
Asp254-Arg372
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Asp254
Structure / Form
Disulfide-linked homodimer
Predicted Molecular Mass
12.6 kDa (monomer)
SDS-PAGE
13 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

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6937-GD (with carrier)

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6937-GD/CF (carrier free)

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

6937-GD

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in HCl with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in 4 mM HCl containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

6937-GD/CF

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in HCl.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in 4 mM HCl.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: GDF-1

Growth and Differentiation Factor 1 (GDF‑1) is a 12 ‑ 15 kDa secreted protein in the TGF‑ beta superfamily (1). It is the functional equivalent of frog, zebrafish, and chick Vg1 (2, 3). Human GDF‑1 is synthesized as a preproprotein that contains a 29 amino acid (aa) signal peptide, a 224 aa propeptide, and a 119 aa mature peptide which is released following proteolysis at a dibasic cleavage site (4). Mature human GDF‑1 shares 81% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat GDF‑1. GDF‑1 is expressed in the developing and adult nervous system, particularly in neurons of the cerebral cortex and hippocampus (4, 5). It is required during embryogenesis for development of left/right axis asymmetry, anterior/posterior axis asymmetry, and the notochord (2, 3, 6, 7). It cooperates with Nodal and GDF‑3 in these activities and potentiates Nodal bioactivity through formation of a 27 kDa noncovalent GDF‑1‑Nodal heterodimer (3, 7, 8). The presence of Nodal is required for GDF‑1 induced effects (8). GDF‑1 signals through heteromeric receptor complexes containing Activin RIIA or Activin RIIB, ALK4 or ALK7, and an EGF‑CFC protein such as Cryptic or Cripto (7 ‑ 9). Loss of function mutations in GDF‑1 are associated with a variety of human cardiac development defects (10).

References
  1. Rider, C.C. and B. Mulloy (2010) Biochem. J. 429:1.
  2. Wall, N.A. et al. (2000) Dev. Biol. 227:495.
  3. Andersson, O. et al. (2007) Dev. Biol. 311:500.
  4. Lee, S.-J. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 88:4250.
  5. Soderstrom, S. and T. Ebendal (1999) J. Neurosci. Res. 56:482.
  6. Rankin, C.T. et al. (2000) Nat. Genet. 24:262.
  7. Andersson, O. et al. (2006) Dev. Biol. 293:370.
  8. Tanaka, C. et al. (2007) Genes Dev. 21:3272.
  9. Cheng, S.K. et al. (2003) Genes Dev. 17:31.
  10. Karkera, J.D. et al. (2007) Am. J. Hum. Genet. 81:987.
Long Name
Growth Differentiation Factor 1
Entrez Gene IDs
2657 (Human); 14559 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
DORV; DTGA3; embryonic growth/differentiation factor 1; GDF1; GDF-1; growth differentiation factor 1

Citations for Recombinant Human GDF-1 Protein

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. Growth differentiation factor 1-induced tumour plasticity provides a therapeutic window for immunotherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma
    Authors: W Cheng, HL Li, SY Xi, XF Zhang, Y Zhu, Le Xing, YX Mo, MM Li, FE Kong, WJ Zhu, XG Chen, HQ Cui, ZM Cao, YF Gong, YQ Tang, Y Zhang, XY Guan, NF Ma, M Liu
    Nature Communications, 2021;12(1):7142.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  2. Widespread potential for growth-factor-driven resistance to anticancer kinase inhibitors.
    Authors: Wilson TR, Fridlyand J, Yan Y, Penuel E, Burton L, Chan E, Peng J, Lin E, Wang Y, Sosman J, Ribas A, Li J, Moffat J, Sutherlin DP, Koeppen H, Merchant M, Neve R, Settleman J
    Nature, 2012;487(7408):505-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay

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