Recombinant Human IL-22 Protein, CF 782-IL-010/CF: R&D Systems

Recombinant Human IL-22 Protein, CF

(37 citations)   
  • Purity
    >95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to induce IL-10 secretion in COLO 205 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. Nagalakshmi, M.L. et al. (2004) International Immunopharmacology 4:679. The ED50 for this effect is 60-300 pg/mL.
  • Source
    E. coli-derived Ala34-Ile179, with an N-terminal Met
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
    Analysis
    Met
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    16.5 kDa
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
782-IL/CF
 
782-IL
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 10 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Data Images
Recombinant Human IL-22 (Catalog # 782‑IL/CF) induces IL-10 secretion in the COLO 205 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line. The ED50 for this effect is 60‑300 pg/mL.
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-22 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 14 kDa.
Background: IL-22

Interleukin-22 (IL-22), also known as IL-10-related T cell-derived inducible factor (IL-TIF) was initially identified as a gene induced by IL-9 in mouse T cells and mast cells. Human IL-22 cDNA encodes a 179 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a putative 33 aa signal peptide that is cleaved to generate a 147 aa mature protein that shares approximately 79% and 22% aa sequence identity with mouse IL-22 and human IL-10, respectively. The human IL-22 gene is localized to chromosome 12q15. Although it exists as a single copy gene in human and in many mouse strains, the mouse IL-22 gene is duplicated in some mouse strains including C57B1/6, FVB and 129. The two mouse genes designated IL-TIF alpha and IL-TIF beta, share greater than 98% sequence homology in their coding region. IL-22 has been shown to activate STAT‑1 and STAT-3 in several hepatoma cell lines and upregulate the production of acute phase proteins. IL-22 is produced by normal T cells upon anti-CD3 stimulation in humans. Mouse IL-22 expression is also induced in various organs upon lipopolysaccharide injection, suggesting that IL-22 may be involved in inflammatory responses. The functional IL-22 receptor complex consists of two receptor subunits, IL-22R (previously an orphan receptor named CRF2-9) and IL-10R beta (previously known as CRF2-4), belonging to the class II cytokine receptor family.

  • References:
    1. Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 164:1814.
    2. Xie, M-H. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:31335.
    3. Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) PNAS 97:10144.
    4. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2725.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 22
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    50616 (Human); 50929 (Mouse); 500836 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    Cytokine Zcyto18; IL-10-related T-cell-derived inducible factor; IL-21; IL22; IL-22; IL-22IL21; IL-D110; IL-TIF; ILTIFIL-10-related T-cell-derived-inducible factor; IL-TIFMGC79382; interleukin 21; interleukin 22; interleukin-22; MGC79384; TIFa; TIFIL-23; zcyto18
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

37 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Interleukin-17A-induced production of acute serum amyloid A by keratinocytes contributes to psoriasis pathogenesis
    Authors: E Couderc, F Morel, P Levillain, A Buffière-M, M Camus, C Paquier, C Bodet, JF Jégou, M Pohin, L Favot, M Garcia, V Huguier, J Mcheik, C Lacombe, H Yssel, G Guillet, FX Bernard, JC Lecron
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(7):e0181486.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Cathepsin S is the major activator of the psoriasis-associated proinflammatory cytokine IL-36?
    Authors: JS Ainscough, T Macleod, D McGonagle, R Brakefield, JM Baron, A Alase, M Wittmann, M Stacey
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, 2017;114(13):E2748-E2757.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  3. The pathogenic role of interleukin-22 and its receptor during UVB-induced skin inflammation
    Authors: Y Kim, J Lee, J Kim, CW Choi, YI Hwang, JS Kang, WJ Lee
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(5):e0178567.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  4. JAK2 Disease-Risk Variants Are Gain of Function and JAK Signaling Threshold Determines Innate Receptor-Induced Proinflammatory Cytokine Secretion in Macrophages
    J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  5. The Role of Interleukin-22 and Its Receptor in the Development and Pathogenesis of Experimental Autoimmune Uveitis
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(5):e0154904.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  6. Impaired Tight Junctions in Atopic Dermatitis Skin and in a Skin-Equivalent Model Treated with Interleukin-17
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(9):e0161759.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  7. Loss of IL-22 inhibits autoantibody formation in collagen-induced arthritis in mice
    Authors: OB Corneth, RM Reijmers, AM Mus, PS Asmawidjaj, JP van Hambur, N Papazian, JY Siegers, F Mourcin, R Amin, K Tarte, RW Hendriks, T Cupedo, E Lubberts
    Eur J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  8. Th17-type cytokines, IL-6 and TNF-alpha synergistically activate STAT3 and NF-kB to promote colorectal cancer cell growth.
    Authors: De Simone V, Franze E, Ronchetti G, Colantoni A, Fantini M, Di Fusco D, Sica G, Sileri P, MacDonald T, Pallone F, Monteleone G, Stolfi C
    Oncogene, 2015;34(27):3493-503.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  9. Inhibition of T-cell activation by retinal pigment epithelial cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cells.
    Authors: Sugita S, Kamao H, Iwasaki Y, Okamoto S, Hashiguchi T, Iseki K, Hayashi N, Mandai M, Takahashi M
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 2015;56(2):1051-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  10. Th17-related cytokines contribute to recall-like expansion/effector function of HMBPP-specific Vgamma2Vdelta2 T cells after Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection or vaccination.
    Authors: Shen H, Wang Y, Chen C, Frencher J, Huang D, Yang E, Ryan-Payseur B, Chen Z
    Eur J Immunol, 2015;45(2):442-51.
    Species: Primate - Macaca fascicularis (Crab-eating Monkey or Cynomolgus Macaque)
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  11. The expression and regulation of chemerin in the epidermis.
    Authors: Banas M, Zegar A, Kwitniewski M, Zabieglo K, Marczynska J, Kapinska-Mrowiecka M, LaJevic M, Zabel B, Cichy J
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(2):e0117830.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  12. Interleukin-22 is increased in multiple sclerosis patients and targets astrocytes.
    Authors: Perriard G, Mathias A, Enz L, Canales M, Schluep M, Gentner M, Schaeren-Wiemers N, Du Pasquier R
    J Neuroinflammation, 2015;12(0):119.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  13. IL22/IL-22R pathway induces cell survival in human glioblastoma cells.
    Authors: Akil H, Abbaci A, Lalloue F, Bessette B, Costes L, Domballe L, Charreau S, Guilloteau K, Karayan-Tapon L, Bernard F, Morel F, Jauberteau M, Lecron J
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(3):e0119872.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  14. Inhibition of keratinocyte differentiation by the synergistic effect of IL-17A, IL-22, IL-1alpha, TNFalpha and oncostatin M.
    Authors: Rabeony H, Petit-Paris I, Garnier J, Barrault C, Pedretti N, Guilloteau K, Jegou J, Guillet G, Huguier V, Lecron J, Bernard F, Morel F
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(7):e101937.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  15. Oncostatin M mediates STAT3-dependent intestinal epithelial restitution via increased cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis and upregulation of SERPIN family members.
    Authors: Beigel F, Friedrich M, Probst C, Sotlar K, Goke B, Diegelmann J, Brand S
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(4):e93498.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Type: N/A
    Application: WB Standard
  16. IL-22 negatively regulates Helicobacter pylori-induced CCL20 expression in gastric epithelial cells.
    Authors: Chen J, Wu M, Kuo S, Liao F
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(5):e97350.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  17. DNAX-activating protein 10 (DAP10) membrane adaptor associates with receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and modulates the RAGE-triggered signaling pathway in human keratinocytes.
    Authors: Sakaguchi M, Murata H, Aoyama Y, Hibino T, Putranto E, Ruma I, Inoue Y, Sakaguchi Y, Yamamoto K, Kinoshita R, Futami J, Kataoka K, Iwatsuki K, Huh N
    J Biol Chem, 2014;289(34):23389-402.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  18. Anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies in patients with cryptococcal meningitis.
    Authors: Rosen L, Freeman A, Yang L, Jutivorakool K, Olivier K, Angkasekwinai N, Suputtamongkol Y, Bennett J, Pyrgos V, Williamson P, Ding L, Holland S, Browne S
    J Immunol, 2013;190(8):3959-66.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma
    Application: Bioassay
  19. IL-22 suppresses IFN-gamma-mediated lung inflammation in asthmatic patients.
    Authors: Pennino D, Bhavsar P, Effner R, Avitabile S, Venn P, Quaranta M, Marzaioli V, Cifuentes L, Durham S, Cavani A, Eyerich K, Chung K, Schmidt-Weber C, Eyerich S
    J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2013;131(2):562-70.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  20. Therapeutical potential of a peptide mimicking the SOCS1 kinase inhibitory region in skin immune responses.
    Authors: Madonna S, Scarponi C, Doti N, Carbone T, Cavani A, Scognamiglio P, Marasco D, Albanesi C
    Eur J Immunol, 2013;43(7):1883-95.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  21. IL-1F5, -F6, -F8, and -F9: A Novel IL-1 Family Signaling System That Is Active in Psoriasis and Promotes Keratinocyte Antimicrobial Peptide Expression.
    Authors: Johnston A, Xing X, Guzman AM, Riblett M, Loyd CM, Ward NL, Wohn C, Prens EP, Wang F, Maier LE, Kang S, Voorhees JJ, Elder JT, Gudjonsson JE
    J. Immunol., 2011;186(4):2613-22.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  22. TH17 cytokines induce human airway smooth muscle cell migration.
    Authors: Chang Y, Al-Alwan L, Risse PA, Roussel L, Rousseau S, Halayko AJ, Martin JG, Hamid Q, Eidelman DH
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2011;127(4):1046-53.e1-2.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  23. IL-17C regulates the innate immune function of epithelial cells in an autocrine manner.
    Authors: Ramirez-Carrozzi V, Sambandam A, Luis E
    Nat. Immunol., 2011;12(12):1159-66.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  24. IL-10 suppresses Th17 cells and promotes regulatory T cells in the CD4+ T cell population of rheumatoid arthritis patients.
    Authors: Heo YJ, Joo YB, Oh HJ, Park MK, Heo YM, Cho ML, Kwok SK, Ju JH, Park KS, Cho SG, Park SH, Kim HY, Min JK
    Immunol. Lett., 2010;127(2):150-6.
  25. Evidence for altered Wnt signaling in psoriatic skin.
    Authors: Gudjonsson JE, Johnston A, Stoll SW
    J. Invest. Dermatol., 2010;130(7):1849-59.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  26. Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis in APECED or thymoma patients correlates with autoimmunity to Th17-associated cytokines.
    Authors: Kisand K, Boe Wolff AS, Podkrajsek KT, Tserel L, Link M, Kisand KV, Ersvaer E, Perheentupa J, Erichsen MM, Bratanic N, Meloni A, Cetani F, Perniola R, Ergun-Longmire B, Maclaren N, Krohn KJ, Pura M, Schalke B, Strobel P, Leite MI, Battelino T, Husebye ES, Peterson P, Willcox N, Meager A
    J. Exp. Med., 2010;207(2):299-308.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: ELISA capture
  27. Skin Inflammation Induced by the Synergistic Action of IL-17A, IL-22, Oncostatin M, IL-1alpha, and TNF-alpha Recapitulates Some Features of Psoriasis.
    Authors: Guilloteau K, Paris I, Pedretti N, Boniface K, Juchaux F, Huguier V, Guillet G, Bernard FX, Lecron JC, Morel F
    J. Immunol., 2010;184(0):5263-70.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  28. Despite IFN-lambda receptor expression, blood immune cells, but not keratinocytes or melanocytes, have an impaired response to type III interferons: implications for therapeutic applications of these cytokines.
    Authors: Witte K, Gruetz G, Volk HD, Looman AC, Asadullah K, Sterry W, Sabat R, Wolk K
    Genes Immun., 2009;10(8):702-14.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Buffer
    Application: Bioassay
  29. Cytokine milieu modulates release of thymic stromal lymphopoietin from human keratinocytes stimulated with double-stranded RNA.
    Authors: Kinoshita H, Takai T, Le TA, Kamijo S, Wang XL, Ushio H, Hara M, Kawasaki J, Vu AT, Ogawa T, Gunawan H, Ikeda S, Okumura K, Ogawa H
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2009;123(1):179-86.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  30. The Th17 cytokine IL-22 induces IL-20 production in keratinocytes: a novel immunological cascade with potential relevance in psoriasis.
    Authors: Wolk K, Witte E, Warszawska K, Schulze-Tanzil G, Witte K, Philipp S, Kunz S, Docke WD, Asadullah K, Volk HD, Sterry W, Sabat R
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2009;39(12):3570-81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  31. IL-17 and IL-22 mediate IL-20 subfamily cytokine production in cultured keratinocytes via increased IL-22 receptor expression.
    Authors: Tohyama M, Hanakawa Y, Shirakata Y, Dai X, Yang L, Hirakawa S, Tokumaru S, Okazaki H, Sayama K, Hashimoto K
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2009;39(10):2779-88.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  32. The role of interleukin-22 in hepatitis C virus infection.
    Authors: Dambacher J, Beigel F, Zitzmann K, Heeg MH, Goke B, Diepolder HM, Auernhammer CJ, Brand S
    Cytokine, 2008;41(3):209-16.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  33. IL-22 mediates mucosal host defense against Gram-negative bacterial pneumonia.
    Authors: Aujla SJ, Chan YR, Zheng M, Fei M, Askew DJ, Pociask DA, Reinhart TA, McAllister F, Edeal J, Gaus K, Husain S, Kreindler JL, Dubin PJ, Pilewski JM, Myerburg MM, Mason CA, Iwakura Y, Kolls JK
    Nat. Med., 2008;14(3):275-81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  34. Low expression of the IL-23/Th17 pathway in atopic dermatitis compared to psoriasis.
    Authors: Guttman-Yassky E, Lowes MA, Fuentes-Duculan J, Zaba LC, Cardinale I, Nograles KE, Khatcherian A, Novitskaya I, Carucci JA, Bergman R, Krueger JG
    J. Immunol., 2008;181(10):7420-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  35. The effects of IL-20 subfamily cytokines on reconstituted human epidermis suggest potential roles in cutaneous innate defense and pathogenic adaptive immunity in psoriasis.
    Authors: Sa SM, Valdez PA, Wu J
    J. Immunol., 2007;178(4):2229-40.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  36. IL-22 regulates the expression of genes responsible for antimicrobial defense, cellular differentiation, and mobility in keratinocytes: a potential role in psoriasis.
    Authors: Wolk K, Witte E, Wallace E, Docke WD, Kunz S, Asadullah K, Volk HD, Sterry W, Sabat R
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2006;36(5):1309-23.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  37. Reprogramming of IL-10 activity and signaling by IFN-gamma.
    Authors: Herrero C, Hu X, Li WP, Samuels S, Sharif MN, Kotenko S, Ivashkiv LB
    J. Immunol., 2003;171(10):5034-41.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
Expand to show all 37 Citations

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