Recombinant Human KIR3DL1 Fc Chimera Protein, CF Summary
Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Recombinant Human KIR3DL1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1225-KR) binds to MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. The ED50 for this effect is 0.02-0.12 μg/mL.
KIR3DL1 (3DL1, previously called NKB1 or NKAT3, designated CD158e) is a 70 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the killer cell Ig-like receptor (KIR) family. KIRs are expressed on CD56dim NK cells and T cell subsets where they regulate effector functions in the innate immune system (1 - 3). KIRs are named for the number of Ig-like domains (2D or 3D) in the extracellular domain (ECD), and whether they have long or short (L, S) cytoplasmic tails. Like other inhibiting KIRs, KIR3DL1 has two ITIM domains within its long tail (2). The 319 amino acid (aa) ECD of KIR3DL1 shows 97% aa identity with an activating KIR, KIR3DS1, and the two segregate as alleles (3, 4). KIR3DL1 binds to HLA antigens. This includes HLA-A and -B molecules. Among the HLA-B variants, only the Bw4 epitope, which is present within only one third of all HLA-B alleles, is recognized by KIR3DL1 (4). An NK cell expressing KIR3DL1 is prevented from killing a cell expressing the Bw4 epitope on its surface. However, if the epitope is downregulated on the cell surface due to viral infection, the NK cell is released from inhibition and now kills the infected cell. KIR genes are highly polymorphic, and specific KIR3DL1 alleles vary in surface expression and activity. For example, the allele KIR3DL1*004 is associated with slow progression to AIDS in HIV infected individuals that also express Bw4 (6). Unlike most alleles that are surface-expressed, this allele is mainly retained within the cell (7). KIR3DL1/S1 is the only KIR receptor to have an ortholog in non-primates, including selected mouse strains in which it is also called KIRL1 (KIR-like 1). Although the ECD of human KIR3DL1 shares 40 - 48% aa identity with mouse, rat and bovine KIR3DL1, the transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions in the non-primate species show no obvious activating or inhibiting motifs (8, 9).
- Colonna, M. and J. Samaridis (1995) Science 268:405.
- Lanier, L. L. (2005) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 23:225.
- Uhrberg, M. et al. (1997) Immunity 7:753.
- O’Connor, G. M. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:235.
- Thananchai, H. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:33.
- Martin, M.P. et al. (2007) Nat. Genet. 39:733.
- Pando, M.J. et al. (2003) J. Immunol. 171:6640.
- Hoelsbrekken, S.E. et al. (2003) J. Immunol. 170:2259.
- Wilson, E.B. et al. (2007) Immunogenetics 59:641.
Citations for Recombinant Human KIR3DL1 Fc Chimera Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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HIV-1 Nef-mediated downregulation of CD155 results in viral restriction by KIR2DL5+ NK cells
Authors: P Fittje, A Hœlzemer, WF Garcia-Bel, S Vollmers, A Niehrs, K Hagemann, G Martrus, C Körner, F Kirchhoff, D Sauter, M Altfeld
Sample Types: Recombinant Proteins
HLA-C-restricted viral epitopes are associated with an escape mechanism from KIR2DL2+ NK cells in Lassa virus infection
Authors: N Wauquier, C Petitdeman, N Tarantino, C Maucourant, M Coomber, V Lungay, J Bangura, P Debré, V Vieillard
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Applications: Flow Cytometry
ERAP1 regulates natural killer cell function by controlling the engagement of inhibitory receptors.
Authors: Cifaldi L, Romania P, Falco M, Lorenzi S, Meazza R, Petrini S, Andreani M, Pende D, Locatelli F, Fruci D
Cancer Res, 2015;75(5):824-34.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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