Recombinant Human Neuronal Pentraxin R/NPTXR Protein, CF Summary
Ala24-Ala500, with an N-terminal 6-His tag
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 300 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Background: Neuronal Pentraxin R/NPTXR
The Neuronal Pentraxin Receptor (NPTXR; also called NPR) is a 55‑65 kDa, type II transmembrane glycoprotein within the Pentraxin family. NPTXR is co‑expressed and forms heteromultimers with the related, secreted proteins NPTX1 and NPTX2/NARP (1, 2). Human NPTXR is a 500 amino acid (aa) protein that includes a 477 aa extracellular domain (ECD) with one calcium-binding Pentraxin domain. The human NPTXR ECD shares 88% and 89% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat NPTXR, respectively. A 62 kDa soluble form is generated by TACE/ADAM17 proteolytic cleavage C-terminal to the transmembrane segment (3). Soluble forms of 55 kDa and 45 kDa have also been reported (2, 3). NPTXR is expressed on cerebellar Purkinje and granule cells, and hippocampal neurons of the CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus regions (1). It is enriched on axonal membranes at excitatory synapses where, with NPTX1, it recruits the GluR4 subunit of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPAR) to promote synaptogenesis (3, 4). Synaptic activity stimulates mGluR1 or mGluR5 receptors, which then activate TACE, causing release of the NPTXR heteromultimer complex from the membrane (3). NPTX1/2 within the complex mediate binding AMPAR, while the soluble (but not transmembrane) form of NPTXR within the complex mediates AMPAR endocytosis and mGluR1/5‑mediated long-term depression (3). NPTXR is reported to be increased in cerebrospinal fluid or serum of Alzheimer’s disease patients as compared to controls (5). Aberrant expression of transmembrane NPTXR has also been reported in small-cell lung cancers (SCLC; 6).
- Dodds, D.C. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:21488.
- Kirkpatrick, L.L. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:17786.
- Cho, R.W. et al. (2008) Neuron 57:858.
- Sia, G.M. et al. (2007) Neuron 55:87.
- Yin, G.N. et al. (2009) Brain Res. 1265:158.
- Poulsen, T.T. et al. (2005) Lung Cancer 50:329.
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