Recombinant Human pIgR Protein, CF Summary
Lys19-Arg638, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
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CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
The human polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR; also known as membrane secretory component) is a 100 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is synthesized as a 764 amino acid (aa) precursor. It includes a signal sequence (aa 1-18), an extracellular region (aa 19-638), a transmembrane segment (aa 639-661), and a cytoplasmic domain (aa 662-764) (1-3). The extracellular region consists of five Ig-like domains and a sixth non-Ig domain that connects to the membrane region. pIgR is expressed on secretory epithelial cells of exocrine tissues. Immunoglobulin isotypes consist of two heavy (H) and two light (L) chains. For IgA and IgM, this H2L2 monomer can form larger polymers through association with a joining chain (J chain). The Fc regions of IgA and IgM have a carboxy-terminal extension called a secretory tailpiece that binds the J chain (4). pIgR functions as a carrier that transports IgA and IgM across epithelium (5). On the basolateral surface of epithelial cells, the receptor initially binds non-covalently to IgA via a docking site on the J chain. This initiates a rearrangement in which a disulfide bond forms between pIgR and an IgA heavy chain (2). The complexes are then internalized and transcytosed to the apical surface. A soluble covalent complex called secretory IgA (SIgA) is now generated by proteolytic cleavage of the sixth extracellular domain of pIgR and released into the lumen (6). This IgA-bound and proteolytically generated pIgR fragment is referred to as secretory component (SC). Notably, human pIgR transcytoses constitutively, with or without ligand, creating both bound and free, 78 kDa SC following cleavage (3). The extracellular region of pIgR is 64%, 65% and 70% aa identical to the equivalent region in rat, mouse and porcine, respectively. The receptor component of the complex anchors the SIgA molecule to mucous (7). SIgA is a crucial component of the mucosal immune system serving to protect the large expanse of mucous membranes that form a barrier between the interior of the body and the external environment (8).
- Krajci, P. et al. (1989) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 158:783.
- Piskurich, J. et al. (1995) J. Immunol. 154:1735.
- Brandtzaeg, P. and F-E. Johansen (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:545.
- Braathen, R. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:42755.
- Ben-Hur, H. et al. (2004) Int. J. Mol. Med. 14:35.
- Asano, M. et al. (2004) Immunology 112:583.
- Phalipon, A. and B. Corthesy (2003) Trends Immunol. 24:55.
- Uren, T. et al. (2003) J. Immunol. 170:2531.
Citation for Recombinant Human pIgR Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Enhancing IgG distribution to lung mucosal tissue improves protective effect of anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa antibodies
Authors: MJ Borrok, A DiGiandome, N Beyaz, GM Marchetti, AS Barnes, KJ Lekstrom, SS Phipps, MP McCarthy, H Wu, WF Dall'Acqua, P Tsui, R Gupta
JCI Insight, 2018;3(12):.
Applications: ELISA (Capture)
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