Recombinant Mouse IL-22 R alpha 1 Protein, CF Summary
Thr18-Ala228, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in sterile PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Background: IL-22 R alpha 1
The IL-22 receptor, also known as IL-22 R alpha 1 and CRF2-9, is an approximately 65 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the type II cytokine receptor family (CRF). IL-22 R alpha 1 contains a 211 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two fibronectin type III repeats, and a 330 aa cytoplasmic domain (1). Within the ECD, mouse IL-22 R alpha 1 shares 78%, 78%, and 94% aa sequence identity with canine, human, and rat IL-22 R alpha 1, respectively. It shares 20% - 26% aa sequence identity with the ECDs of other class II receptors IL-10 R, IL-20 R, and IL-28 R. IL-22 R alpha 1 associates with either IL-10 R beta or IL-20 R beta to form receptor complexes with distinct ligand selectivities. IL-10 R beta is a shared subunit of the IL-10, -22, -26, -28, and -29 receptors, while IL-20 R beta is a shared subunit of the IL-19, -20, -22, and -24 receptors (2). IL-22 R alpha 1/IL-10 R beta is an IL-22 responsive receptor (3, 4), and IL-22 R alpha 1/IL-20 R beta is an IL-20 or IL-24 responsive receptor (5, 6). In both cases, IL-22 R alpha 1 functions as the high affinity ligand binding subunit, and subsequent association with IL-10 R beta or IL-20 R beta serves to stabilize the complex (3, 6 - 9). IL-22 R alpha 1 contains cytoplasmic motifs for interactions with signal transduction molecules, but association with IL-10 R beta or IL-20 R beta is required for signal transduction (3, 7). IL-22BP functions as a competitive antagonist by binding IL-22 and preventing its association with IL-22 R alpha 1 (8, 10). Even though it is a receptor for interleukins, IL-22 R alpha 1 is not expressed on hematopoietic cells (7, 11, 12). Instead, IL-22 R alpha 1 expression is restricted to epithelial and stromal cells (7, 11 - 14). IL-22 R alpha 1 signaling promotes innate immune responses and wound healing at sites of infection and inflammation. This includes upregulation of antimicrobial, acute phase, proinflammatory, and extracellular matrix proteins as well as proteases (4, 12, 14, 15). IL-22 R alpha 1 signaling also promotes downregulation of proteins involved in keratinocyte differentiation (4, 15).
- Tachiiri, A. et al. (2003) Genes Immun. 4:153.
- Langer, J.A. et al. (2004) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 15:33.
- Xie, M.-H. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:31335.
- Boniface, K. et al. (2005) J. Immunol. 174:3695.
- Dumoutier, L. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:3545.
- Wang, M. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:7341.
- Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2725.
- Li, J. et al. (2004) Int. Immunopharmacol. 4:693.
- Logsdon, N.J. et al. (2002) J. Interferon Cytokine Res. 22:1099
- Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 166:7096.
- Nagalakshmi, M.L. et al. (2004) Int. Immunopharmacol. 4:577.
- Nagalakshmi, M.L. et al. (2004) Int. Immunopharmacol. 4:679.
- Aggarwal, S. et al. (2001) J. Interferon Cytokine Res. 21:1047.
- Wolk, K. et al. (2004) Immunity 21:241.
- Wolk, K. et al. (2006) Eur. J. Immunol. 36:1309.
Citation for Recombinant Mouse IL-22 R alpha 1 Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta stabilizes the interleukin (IL)-22 receptor from proteasomal degradation in murine lung epithelia.
Authors: Weathington N, Snavely C, Chen B, Zhao J, Zhao Y, Mallampalli R
J Biol Chem, 2014;289(25):17610-9.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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