Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 AY.2 Spike (GCN4-IZ) His Protein, CF Summary
|SARS-CoV-2 AY.2 Spike|
(Val16-Lys1211)(Thr19Arg, Val70Phe, Gly142Asp, Glu156Gly, Phe157 del, Arg158 del, Arg222Val, Lys417Asn, Leu452Arg, Thr478Lys, Asp614Gly, Pro681Arg, Asp950Asn) (Arg682Ser, Arg685Ser, Lys986Pro, Val987Pro)
Accession # YP_009724390.1
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
2 μg/lane of Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 AY.2 Spike (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein (Catalog # 10923-CV) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 142-170 kDa.
SARS-CoV-2, which causes the global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), belongs to a family of viruses known as coronaviruses that also include MERS and SARS-CoV-1. Coronaviruses are commonly comprised of four structural proteins: Spike protein (S), Envelope protein (E), Membrane protein (M) and Nucleocapsid protein (N) (1). The SARS-CoV-2 S protein is a glycoprotein that mediates membrane fusion and viral entry. The S protein is homotrimeric, with each ~180-kDa monomer consisting of two subunits, S1 and S2 (2). In SARS-CoV-2, as with most coronaviruses, proteolytic cleavage of the S protein into S1 and S2 subunits is required for activation. The S1 subunit is focused on attachment of the protein to the host receptor while the S2 subunit is involved with cell fusion (3-5). A metallopeptidase, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), has been identified as a functional receptor for SARS-CoV-2 through interaction with a receptor binding domain (RBD) located at the C-terminus of S1 subunit (6,7). The S protein of SARS-CoV-2 shares 75% and 29% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with the S protein of SARS-CoV-1 and MERS, respectively. AY.2 is a sublineage of SARS-CoV-2 delta plus variant which carries the aa substitution Thr19Arg, Val70Phe, Gly142Asp, Glu156Gly, Phe157 del, Arg158 del, Arg222Val, Lys417Asn, Leu452Arg, Thr478Lys, Asp614Gly, Pro681Arg, and Asp950Asn in the Spike was first identified in India and quickly spread to US through England and Japan. It is reported to partially escape neutralization of antibodies and vaccines (8).
- Wu, F. et al. (2020) Nature 579:265.
- Tortorici, M.A. and D. Veesler (2019) Adv. Virus Res. 105:93.
- Bosch, B.J. et al. (2003) J. Virol. 77:8801.
- Belouzard, S. et al. (2009) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 106:5871.
- Millet, J.K. and G.R. Whittaker (2015) Virus Res. 202:120.
- Li, W. et al. (2003) Nature 426:450.
- Wong, S.K. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:3197.
- Kannan, S.R. et al. (2021) J. Autoimmun. 124:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaut.2021.102715.
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