Simple Plex Human ENPP-2/Autotaxin Cartridge
Simple Plex Human ENPP-2/Autotaxin Cartridge Summary
*The Sample Volume represented is based on the amount of sample incorporated into the reaction after taking into account the assay’s minimum required dilution for a given matrix. Serial dilution may be necessary to achieve some of the final sample volumes represented.
Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma
|Intra-Assay Precision||Inter-Assay Precision|
Recovery was not necessary as ENPP-2 shows natural linearity data from a neat sample to a 1:16 dilution.
Human ENPP-2 Simple Plex Assay Standard Curve
Preparation and Storage
ENPP-2, also known as Autotaxin, belongs to the ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (NPP) family. Some NPPs hydrolyze phosphates from nucleotides and their derivatives. ENPP-2 shares 40 - 50% identity to ENPP1 & 3, all of which contain a N-terminal intracellular domain, a single transmembrane domain and a large extracellular domain that includes a catalytic domain, two somatomedin-B-like domains, and a C-terminal nuclease-like domain. Unlike ENPP-1 and ENPP-3, ENPP-2 has weak activity against nucleotides, but exhibits a lysophospholipase D activity which allows the formation of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and choline from lysophosphatidylcholine. The hydrolysis of nucleotides and lysophospholipids by ENPP-2 is mediated by a single catalytic site. Evidence shows LPA and sphingosine 1-phosphate to be specific inhibitors of ENPP-2. ENPP-2 was originally found to stimulate tumor cell motility and has since been found to enhance tumor invasion and metastasis and to be up-regulated in several types of carcinomas including breast and lung.
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